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Keystone Pipeline is simply a scheme to move oil from Canada to Gulf coast where we will refine it and sell it to other countries. So what is the benefit to US? A few temporary jobs to build the pipeline. Benefit to big oil -- huge profits. Risks -- more pollution in US, oil spills. In five years the construction jobs will be gone. In ten years, oil use for transportation will be in decline. Why should we do this. Let the Canadians build a pipeline if they want.
HarveyD, I am with you. Just as we now throw away natural gas by flaring it off, we should conserve what we make. There WILL be excess electric from the sources you note. We should not squander it. The cost, on the other hand, I do not know about.
Waterborne freight is more efficient for heavy, bulk items like fuel, etc. It also does not require a driver for every truck. However, we abandoned canals long ago, so water has limited range. If we could automate trucks (driverless, or preferabley PRT type vehicles and rails) then transport could not only be more energy efficient, but reach all necessary points. PRT has been promoted for passengers, but it seems to me more valuable for carrying limited size loads of freight. WalMart, FedEx, and UPS should be builing out lines from distribution centers.
With higher ocean levels the earth will spin slower so we will have 27 hours per day. Unfortunately, that will mean 3 more hours of work, not sleep.
To my point, Texans buy the second highest number of Teslas in the US, but Tesla is not able to sell them there. That is one reason Tesla is considering locating their mega battery factory in Texas -- politions can be bought by either side of the issue.
What happens in Vegas can drive to any state. If Tesla can bring down the price, politics won't stop, just slow it. At some point the market does work.
And a few years down the road, after they have done that, as the chemistry and standards coalesce, they will divest the battery manufacturing, and two or three major companies will manufacture standard battery packs for the auto industry.
Or gas at 50% higher price than it is now.
This means they are serious about BEV and HEV. Good.
Posters on this site have been critical of the idea of using excess electric output to produce hydrogen and then reuse it through fuel cells. While not currently cost effective, I think it sounds like a viable solution for storing excess renewable energy to manage load both short-term (daytime variations) and long-term for seasonal variations. Maybe it is not a total solution, but one of many.
Instead of continuing to sink money into a new fighter plane, we should divert that money to building clearn energy production. The Defense Department could put solar panels on the roofs of every low income home in America and solve a number of problems, including deaths from polution referenced in another post.
They can afford to as long as they are otherwise dependent on Russia for energy.
Are Aluminum Air batteries rechargable?
I agree with Davemart. An undeveloped grid makes this the perfect environment for distributed energy production, and solar may be easier and cheaper to install and maintain than diesel generators. If not now, soon.
At that rate they will be giving them away with Happy Meals in 10 years. It is a pretty phenominal reduction and I hope to see more.
Sorry, I stated that poorly. PRT will not replace the roads, but reduce the traffic on city streets.
I don't know about this working. We can't even fill all our potholes, so maintenance will be a problem. I still favor some type of Persone Rapid Transit, which would replace the roads, and not require heavy personal vehicles around town.
CHP with fuel SOFCs in the home could reduce energy use, provide electricity at night, and charge your car. Assuming fuel cell technology continues to advance rapidly.
My guess is, the majority of drunk drivers (who need this badly) cannot afford a new car with the features. Of course there are plenty of well-healed drunk drivers and other bad drivers who could benefit.
Thanks for that data Harvey. It does support my point, however. NYC should be replacing ~400 buses a year. Not enough to order 1000, unless the operating costs are so low, they can scrap otherwise useful vehicles.
Does anyone know how many US transit authorities even have 1000 buses? No more developed than our mass transit is, I would guess not many. And with replacement cycles over 20 years, it may be a while before a US system orders 1000 buses at a time.
It is perfect for taking Nissan customers from dealership to work and back. Or flower, bakery, etc. deliveries. Make the trip, return and top off.
RP: the theoretical purpose of patents is to protect inventors so they can recover investment and profit from the invention. That assumes the inventor will bring the product to market and expand the market. Hopefully they don't sit on it waiting for a market to develop and then lose it after 20 years (like oil companies with battery technology). If sitting on patents becomes the standard procedure, then we need to reconsider the usefullness of patents.