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SJC
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Volvo Cars details more of the V60 diesel plug-in hybrid; 3 driver-selected driving modes - mahonj The rear axle features ERAD (Electric Rear Axle Drive) in the form of an electric motor producing 70 hp (52 kW) http://www.greencarcongress.com/2011/02/v60phev-20110221.html
eliminate the need for expensive platinum as a catalyst HTPEM has none on cathode.
Pt/Ru is expensive. HTPEM needs no Pt on cathode.
Lots of uses for lignin.
Make bio DME, reform it on board the vehicle for a fuel cell, no NOX.
Take the therm to make DME, put it in a gas turbine, transmit the electricity, convert it, round trip though the battery and you might get 28% in an EV. NG to DME is 70%, hybrid turbo diesel is 40% for about 28%.
FC-PHEV make sense with ethanol/methanol reforming.
A REDOX flow battery can be recharged with electricity or restored with fluid. The Phinergy aluminum primary battery can only be restored by an aluminum change. That is one of the good features of a lithium flow battery, it CAN be electrically recharged 10,000 times without losing a lot of capacity.
The price is AFTER deductions, the interior will change. Most car writers believe the exterior will be similar in production but the interior will look nothing like the concept.
"..permission to build.." The CPUC needs to make sure there is no monopoly. The decision needs to allow other companies to enter the market and compete.
The Tesla has 1200 pounds of batteries in more than 7000 cells. 600 pounds to go the same range with 10,000 cycles and no capacity degradation would not be bad.
Mean time might be 30 years, a lot can happen in 30 years. It takes decades to build the advanced biofuel plants, commercial jet aircraft will need liquid hydrocarbon fuels, so the risk of 200 million EVs in 30 years is not a threat.
Shell botched their attempt last year. Like the guy from Shell said decades ago, we can get the oil, it will be harder to find and cost more. We have to decide when it is diminishing returns and time for a change.
Toggle Commented Feb 5, 2015 on Arctic oil on life support at Green Car Congress
200 million engine cars with 0.1% EV. We are already growing the crops for food/feed so use the stalks for fuel. Energy crops should only be grown on marginal land with rainfall, no food crop land with irrigation.
I could see self driving for car rentals, you get to your hotel and release the car to go back to the center for charging. If you need it again a car comes out to pick you up.
Harvey, This does NOT "clearly" show anything except lower CO2 emissions. The corn stover cellulose ethanol plants in Kansas and Iowa are doing fine. Farmers are making more money and the land is healthy. Use corn grain for feed and food, use corn stover for fuel.
The batteries for a 60 kWh BEV could make ten 6 kWh PHEVs or sixty 1 kWh HEVs. Think of the MPGe for a BEV and the MPGe for a PHEV or HEV. If we want to save fuel, have less pollution with less imported oil, the more PHEVs and HEVs out there the better.
You can make a 20 mpg car get 30 mpg, but if it costs $10,000 and takes 10 years to pay back, few would do it.
I think EV batteries will come down to the $100 kWh this decade. The one observation I have is Tesla uses 7000+ cylindrical cells and others use 192 prismatic cells. Less cells seems better to me.
Some people say YOU should buy a BEV, but THEY have no plans to buy one. I have read comments from people who own LEAF cars, they started at 70 mile range and after 3 years are down to 50 miles, they are NOT happy.
"..and its battery manufacturing partners.." That is a key point, Sakti3 and others will not MAKE their own batteries, capital is WAY too hard to come by these days.