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SJC
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"Don Hartley, regional coordinator for the Alabama Emergency Management Agency, said the tank cars originated in North Dakota. Three cars had a "'bleve' - where pressure builds up and blows a hole." That started the fire, he said." http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/11/08/us-crude-train-explosion-idUSBRE9A70Q920131108
"Light, sweet oil from the Bakken Shale had a far higher vapor pressure—making it much more likely to throw off combustible gases—than crude from dozens of other locations." "Bakken crude actually is a mixture of oil, ethane, propane and other gaseous liquids, which are commingled far more than in conventional crude." http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304834704579401353579548592
Lad, I was not suggesting that they would blow apart, pressure can go as high as 15 psi and the cars were designed for less. It is best not to "read into" someones statements.
H2 with CO2 sequestered from power plants can make methanol, DME, gasoline, jet fuel and diesel. Use the carbon twice, reduce emissions.
So neither includes road taxes, but EV does not include battery replacement. If they can get the solar hydrogen efficiency up and do it inexpensively, there is an alternative. Even though CO2 will probably be released from the methane to hydrogen reformer, there is no smog producing NOX like there is with a turbine making electricity for the EV.
Modifying methanogens to produce hydrogen gives you "dark fermentation" where the digester can produce 24/7 without light to turn biomass into hydrogen.
"makes it possible to increase Brazilian production capacity per acre by 50% through the use of agricultural waste—straw and bagasse—without expanding the cane fields." This is the same with sorghum grain and stalks, the cellulose biomass brings the yield per acre from 250 gallons to 500, then you can double crop in some areas for 1000 gallons per acre per year.
This story describes a method that does not use an expensive platinum catalyst, that is the "take away" point. If they can make this inexpensively, the rest will be land usage.
Lithium nitride reacts violently with water to produce ammonia: Li3N + 3 H2O → 3 LiOH + NH3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_nitride
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Doing things we would like to do, but no one will fund them because they are not immensely profitable.
One of the problems with light oil coming out of North Dakota is vapor pressure. Pressure builds up with heat and the cars are not made to handle that.
Flare gas happens for a while and then stops, using it to run their rigs makes sense, then they can convert to diesel later. Haldor makes units that can go in smaller remote locations of actual gas fields that will last. Haldor was also the company that created a biomass to synthetic fuels plant in the U.S. that is now testing the fuel it made in a group of cars.
The latest Haldor announcement says that they designed their GTL units to be put in smaller remote locations, they clean up the natural gas out of the ground and make transportation fuels using MTG.
Reaction with iron oxide - h2s removal Activated carbon - siloxane removal This have been done for a long time, I see no reason that it can not be done here.
"I see no mention of how Maverick addresses this important issue." You have no evidence that they have not either.
The CO2 ends up in the air at natural gas fired power plants, your furnace, hot water heater and car, at least you don't have the smog causing NOX from internal combustion. The power plant making the electricity for the EV using natural gas in a turbine sure creates a lot.
1914 - GASOLINE UP AGAIN; PRICE IS 22 CENTS The Standard Oil Company of New York put up the price of gasoline another cent yesterday, making the wholesale price 22 cents a gallon. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E00E4DC1531E733A05755C0A9679C946796D6CF That makes it over $6 per gallon wholesale in adjusted dollars. Wholesale price today is under $3 per gallon. SO, hydrogen may sell for $8 per kilogram today, but could come down to $4 by the end of the decade.
At 80% efficiency, it would take less than 1.5 therms to make a kilogram of hydrogen. Today's quoted price per therm is 40 cents. So it takes less than 60 cents for the feed stock. Those are the real numbers, I would imagine that gasoline was quite expensive at first 100 years ago.
In some areas half the trees are dead from bark beetle infestation caused by drought. This goes back to the seven year drought in the 1980s. Many of the fires leave burned trees that can be extracted and replanted. If you can show a profit, managed capitalism can do the job. We can get non fossil fuels in the bargain as well.
It takes about two therms of natural gas at about $1 total to make one kilogram of hydrogen. Add compression costs of 10% and 50 cents per GGE for highway taxes then you get $3-4 hydrogen. When you add all the costs for EVs you get $3 per GGE, so costs are comparable. However the FCV can refuel in minutes and range is extensive.
You should include another 50 cents per GGE for taxes to fix the roads and another dollar per GGE for the battery replacements.
Paid for by someone or something...must have investment and financing to make it happen, that is obvious. When tax breaks went into hedge funds and offshore accounts, there is nothing left for investment in this country.