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Henry Gibson
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Hydraulic hybrid technology can save half the fuel or more in vehicles at far lower cost and complexity than electric hybrids and reduces greatly the need for bio-fuels which has reduced the food supply for all nations especially with the use of maize for ethanol production. Even wood can be converted to food sugars. Since massive quantities of uranium can be extracted from the oceans at low enough cost and greater quantities of thorium can be extracted from the earth so that there is enough fission fuel for billions of years, and enough uranium has already been extracted and stored as depleted uranium and used fuel rods to provide fuel for breeder reactors for the next century, Atomic energy is "sustainable". Now forests were proven to be unsustainable sources of home and industrial energy in all industrialized countries, some even centuries ago. Bio fuels are robbing many countries of their forests to produce bio-fuels for wealthy countries who have passed biofuel laws when they themselves have insufficient lands to produce such biofuels. ..HG..
This company should order battery packs also from GE DURATHON to keep these GE batteries in production and also similar ones from FZSONICK for batteries that will last for ten years without maintenance and will become very cheap in large quantities because of their low materials cost. GE proved that these batteries were highly suited for heavy vehicles and locomotives but have failed to use them in their own products. Trailing locomotive frames, called slugs, with a full load of such batteries could save many tons of fuel for a train. ..HG..
Yes for lightweight uses such as solar airplanes such batteries are needed. Solar airplanes are not needed except for artistic purposes. They make people believe falsely that solar energy can replace less expensive forms of power for the majority the uses of our civilization. No one comments on the cost of the electricity per kilowatt hour including the storage devices for this solar airplane. Boeing could have saved much time and money by using similar capacity ZEBRA batteries in their aircraft rater than Lithium based units. Most of the people of the world cannot afford a ride in any airplane, and most travelers want high speed. Almost No one who is publicly promoting solar energy mentions the cost of real estate for solar, and does not mention that a total solar home does not cover the energy requirements of the owners of such homes who live in industrialized nations which require factories, farms, roads, street-lighting, railroads, gas stations, pipelines, ships etc. Half of fuel consumption for automobiles can be eliminated by use of hydraulic hybrids and not a single drive battery as demonstrated greatly by Artemis intelligent power. Wrightspeed does the same for lorries or trucks with low emissions of turbines and batteries. INNAS NOAX free piston technology can be combined with Artemis to eliminate the engine crankshaft and increase efficiency and life. Batteries sitting on the ground do not need to be lightweight and can cost less for the service provided and can have a very long life and zero maintenance such as ZEBRA sodium-nickel chloride or sodium sulphur. Many automobiles have been tested successfully with ZEBRA batteries. Inefficient tiny range extenders should be required for all electric automobiles, including TESLAs, to get the last few miles home at lower speeds. Such machines can be small and cheap; think model airplane engines, and they can be ethanol fueled. Coates limited and others have rotating valves which allow for high speeds and power density. OPOC and RCV could provide the same. Use gasoline or diesel jet cars for long trips. Turbines from Capstone and Bladon and others can burn diesel in a clean way and diesel requires less CO2 release to produce, and such machines can burn BIODIESEL, AUTOGAS, LPG, CNG and LNG equally well. Artemis Digital Displacement and other hydraulic technology can be used to cut out half the fuel use as mentioned when optimized. Not another automobile should be allowed to be designed without a hybrid transmission Much as low flow shower heads are required. Artemis showed that that they can be retrofitted into existing automobiles. ..HG..
Cooling will be an issue for large machines. Efficiency is questionable at small sizes. Bladon jets are also a competitor for weight(see Jaguar)with lower efficiency? Unit can be incorporated into generators. ..HG..
Light weight is interesting. Resembles turbine engine cycle made with pistons. Turbines use much air for cooling. Yes range extender, but all automobiles need to be hybrid to save the energy from slowing and braking to a stop. Artemis digital seems to be the lightest weight efficient hybrid technology. Only 10 kilowatts are needed for high speed travel on level road for many passenger automobiles. ..HG..
Maize Ethanol never was a net zero CO2 fuel as it takes much fossil fuel to plant grow and harvest and process it with a US government stated gain of only 130 units or less of energy out for fossil fuel energy in. The price of maize in Mexico for low income people went much higher when much grain was diverted to ethanol. All new vehicles should be hybrids that can save up to half the fuel or even more. Any automobile engine efficiency can be increased with simple hybrid technology. Small electric vehicles with rescue battery charger engines can be used for most town driving. ..HG..
There is an isotope 238 that does power an automobile on Mars; Its power density is 500 watts thermal per kilogram. A kilogram or two would be enough for the average automobile use. Shielding most of the radiation from such material can be done with ultra thin stainless steel foil. ..HG..
An INNAS NOAX engine with Artemis Digital displacement technology would be cheaper and more efficient and save half the fuel over present automobiles of same weight. To this we must consider the Capstone turbines and the Wrightspeed turbines and the Bladon Jets turbines. To this article we must remember the Pescara dual piston air spring engines that used turbines for power output. One of which powered an experimental US automobile after locomotive and power stations and ships were built that used the cheapest heavy petroleum fuels. Highly related is the free piston Stirling commercial co-generation unit recently installed in a UK Hotel by Qnergy which also has wood pellet prototype. ..HG..
Ricardo flywheels might be cheaper and more reliable. Artemis Digital Displacement would weigh and cost less for same power and energy. ..HG..
Make a version with the ZEBRA battery and you can have twenty years of service on a single battery and use the batteries afterward for home power with no chance of fire and complicated cooling and control systems. Yes smaller engines. Try Bladon jets next for long life and no engine oil or coolant. Where is Wrightspeed when it is needed. How about super cheap Artemis Digital Displacement which is still confined to tilting at 7 megawatt wind turbines instead of double efficient automobiles. TESLA could easily move to injected silver conductors in its rotors for even more efficiency at the price of their vehicles. ..HG..
Yes, everyone with money and resources to waste should drive a fuel cell vehicle, and they should realize that they are part of the socialism much denounced in the present US election. ..HG..
If made in large quantity by large machines, ZEBRA batteries can be very inexpensive and have very long lives and can be reused in less weight critical applications after being replaced from an automobile upon too large of a loss of capacity. Such a use is power grid support. Power-walls and uninterruptible power systems. GE lied about its internal use of DURATHON brand ZEBRA batteries, but should sell its factories to ABB and not destroy the production. The use of DC factory wiring and motor-drives and electronic lights is an obvious use for reliability of production. AC in a conduit or underground wastes more energy all the time. AC is obsolete; no laptop computers need it nor do their chargers nor do CFLs nor do tungsten lamps or LEDs. Power use is now far more efficient if regulated by semiconductors. Power transmission is more efficient over long distances or underground and underwater if regulated by semiconductors and eliminates much use of land for poles. ..HG..
Rubber was 100 percent a sticky biomass until treated with sulphur and heat. The auto customer in his first drive from the dealer will put more CO2 into the air than this bio-rubber in the whole vehicle will save. Toyota should require that all of its use of electricity is supplied by Nuclear power plants. Uranium will never run out. If used in specially designed deuterium moderated reactors the stored depleted uranium left over from enriching reactor fuel and was never in any reactor and is less radioactive than fresh mined uranium could supply power for the US for the rest of the century without mining any more; and there is enough in the oceans until the sun explodes. This does not consider the available thorium which likely can fuel the existing and new CANDU reactors until then as well starting with US waste fuel that really does not need to be wasted and can be usefully eliminated to get ten time more energy. This is sustainability not destroying forests. Natural sourced materials are destroying forests and land and have been for over 2000 years. Much tree free land in Spain was all forests and much of the soil is in the Mediterranean sea. This is pretend ecology which will replace tested material with some not so tested or safe and more expensive. The ethanol in the gasoline was likely the cause of the failure of the O rings of the fuel system in my nephews SUV. Smaller engines better transmissions all hybrids that is how to prevent CO2 release. Also speed limits built in. ..HG..
Book writers and music composers already have more legal protection than inventors. Paice technology should be forbidden to be used in favor of less costly and more efficient Artemis Digital Displacement hybrid technology which Bosch-Rexroth did not sell for ten years. ..HG..
CARB killed the EV1 and other electric vehicles by supporting the fuel cell vehicle too early and too much. The Artemis technology hydraulic hybrid would prevent more CO2 release at lower cost. Over twenty years ago, ZEBRA batteries, if put into electric vehicles with micro-range-extenders would have saved more CO2 release at far lower cost than hydrogen fuel cell vehicles will save in the next twenty. Ian Wright suggests that his truck drive system, running on natural gas, will prevent more CO2 release than electric vehicles would. ..HG..
The economics of hydrogen use in fuel cells show them to be too expensive to buy and to operate. Battery powered buses are more CO2 efficient even if H2 is made with solar energy because the losses involved make it more efficient and lower cost to charge a battery than to make hydrogen and put it into a fuel cell. Making sodium to use in a fuel cell would be more efficient. Overhead charging rails can be put at any stop in any city if necessary. ..HG..
Wright-Speed does not make vehicles but uses the more friendly idea of replacing the worn out or wasteful drive system of existing vehicles. Electronic controlled gear shifting systems allows for much lower cost motors and electronic power systems. Where might George Constantinescu's transmission fit in. ..HG..
Turbine hybrid drive is now the only logical and economic choice for efficient, clean, fuel powered buses today. ..HG..
Wright Speed has an innovative controller and gear system and understands electrical motors and systems very well. It is nice that it has a few more customers. It would be better for its customers if it would introduce the use of temperature independent, safer, longer life, re-usable ZEBRA batteries for his energy storage. They have about equal energy capacity with production lithium batteries especially if the weight of special cooling systems is considered. ZEBRA batteries or cells can be used as power-walls when their capacity becomes too low for vehicles; most failed cells just take themselves out of the circuit and the few hundred volt battery voltage drops slightly. Buses with turbines in them are operating already in several countries and have been available for about twenty years. Parry People Movers has commercial operation of its flywheel vehicles which save much fuel without power batteries, and Wright Speed could use Ricardo electric flywheels and no batteries and save about the same amount of fuel at lower cost and complexity than using ultra-capacitors or lithium. An energy storage mass could be incorporated directly into the turbine with enhanced bearings. Whilst ZEBRA batteries have equal energy to Lithium batteries they have less start power because the many many tiny lithium cells are stacked together in their batteries, and only a few large, cheaper to make, ZEBRA cells are needed for the same energy. The Wright technology can easily compensate for the lower power of ZEBRA batteries. Artemis hydraulic hybrid digital displacement technology could likely save as much or more fuel energy at lower capital costs. In any case, no non-hybrid automobiles should be allowed to be made in the near future, from electric vehicles with tiny range extenders to engine flywheel starter generators to hydraulic hybrids. ..HG..
Do like others; put two bars above the road.
You would not be amused at the expense of the demand rate the power company would charge the whole month for a single 200 KW charge. High rate chargers should be natural gas powered engines. ..HG..
Yes you can make electricity far more expensive with solar cells and can go bankrupt far more quickly. Not a single mention of solar heat. "geothermal" heat is now just heat pumps run by electricity. Please use magnetic bearing Turbocor compressors which need no oil until the US government has to bail you out again. Solar electricity in Spain costs 50 cents per KWH to make; what does Ford pay now. "Renewable" standards for a company that makes a product that is responsible for producing a product which is one of the highest consumers of fossil-fuels. Forget renewable energy buildings; Use Artemis digital displacement hybrid technology in all of your automobiles and reduce their fuel consumption to half or less. ..HG..
Great gains in efficiency at low costs and be obtained with the Artemis digital displacement techniques and these can eliminate much of the need for other schemes for increasing efficiency of driver operation but allows such at low cost where effective. ..HG..