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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
Recent Activity
APA Style double spaces the whole reference page. But if your professor asks for something different, follow what your professor says to do.
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Yes, (n.d.-a) and (n.d.-b) are the formats to use. Just put a hyphen in there and you're set.
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I looked into the example and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is the publisher. They're owned by Wolters Kluwer Health, a large corporation that appears to own a lot of other entities, but this detail is more than you need for a reference list entry. The name of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is sufficient.
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The first citation uses all three names and all subsequent citations use the first name plus et al. Whether first or subsequent citations are parenthetical or in the narrative does not matter.
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From looking at the source (thanks for the links) this looks like a regular edited book to me. Since you retrieved it online, you only need to provide the URL, not the publisher information too. Danesh, H. B. (Ed.). (2011). Education for Peace Integrative Curriculum Series: Vol. 4. Education for peace reader. Retrieved from http://efpinternational.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/efp_reader.pdf So actually this one is pretty simple. Good luck!
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Typepad HTML Email It doesn’t affect the ordering in the reference list. If the author and year are the same, order the references alphabetically by title, e.g., Author, A. (2003a, February). Aardvarks… and Author, A. (2003b). Building bridges…. Hope that helps.
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Typepad HTML Email The reference should reflect the qualities of the source you used, because the purpose of the reference is to help the reader retrieve the source. So if the book was published for the first time in 1950, the year in the reference should be 1950.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, that’s right. The period would go inside the quotation marks in the example Marcus gave.
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Typepad HTML Email Use a comma to show a discontinuous page range. So you’d write that as “24–27, 45–46” or as “24–27, 55.” Good luck!
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Typepad HTML Email This is addressed in the post above where it says to cite the whole book if the entire book is written by a single author or set of authors. Thus you write only one reference, for the entire book. If in the text you would like to draw attention to specific chapters or pages, you can add that information to the citation in the text. For example, (Fromm-Reichmann, 1960, Chapter 2) or (Fromm-Reichmann, 1960, pp. 37-39). Hope that helps.
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by Chelsea Lee Audiovisual materials like videos, podcasts, movies, and television shows can make excellent sources for academic papers. To point the reader of a paper to a specific spot in an audiovisual source—such as when you cite a direct... Continue reading
Posted Jan 17, 2014 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email “App” in the sense of “application” or software is pretty new to English. To make sure your readers are familiar with the term, you might write something like, “Mobile applications, or apps, are …..” and then later refer to them as “apps”. Make the word singular or plural as needed for the context: one app, two apps, etc.
Toggle Commented Dec 13, 2013 on How to Cite a Mobile App at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Your answer is already in the article. “For references that are in press or that have no date (signified by n.d., which stands for “no date”), use the following forms for the date: (in press-a), (in press-b), (n.d.-a), and (n.d.-b), and so forth.” So you would write “The United Nations (n.d.-a)” or “(United Nations, n.d.-b)”.
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Typepad HTML Email The issue with a closed group is retrievability --- if the group is closed, can anyone who is reading your paper actually access the post? If not, then you will have to cite the post as a personal communication. Otherwise, the basic format for a status update should apply, don’t you think?
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Typepad HTML Email The same rules apply to tables as the rest of the text. Actually you’ll find that references in tables often are a mixture of first and subsequent mentions, so your situation is actually quite common. Nothing to worry about. Perhaps if you resize columns you can achieve a better look?
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Typepad HTML Email I think that the status update format will work for this. The professor’s name is the author, and the content of the post is used as the title.
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Typepad HTML Email You might be running up against copyright regulations if you do that because you would be reproducing copyrighted commercial material. So first you would need to check with the rightsholder to see whether they would allow you do this. If they agree, you would have to provide a copyright permission footnote, the guidelines for which are in Chapter 2 of the Publication Manual.
Toggle Commented Nov 25, 2013 on How to Cite a Mobile App at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email You put “Vol. 3” in the right place. Because you’re including the title of the third volume in the reference itself, it goes in the main title position of the reference, not in parentheses.
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by Chelsea Lee This post will explain how to cite just part of a work—such as a footnote, table, figure, chapter in an authored book, paragraph, section, or page—in an APA Style paper. It’s actually quite simple: Just provide a... Continue reading
Posted Nov 14, 2013 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email You need to follow the template for a chapter in an edited book (which will have the year the book was published, 2012), plus at the end of the reference provide information for a reprint. See Example 26 in the Publication Manual for what to do (just leave out the part about translators in parentheses if your work was not translated).
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Typepad HTML Email The phrase “et al.” means “and others,” so when you say “Smith et al. (2012) said” it’s like saying “Smith and others said” or “they said.” Use the plural form of the verb.
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by Chelsea Lee Thanks to developments in technology and feedback from our users, the APA Style team has updated the formats for citing social media, including content from Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. These guidelines are the same as you’ll find... Continue reading
Posted Oct 18, 2013 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email Yes, the possessive form you showed is perfectly fine to use!
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Typepad HTML Email The translator can go in parentheses after the title. Hadas, M. (Ed.). (1991). The complete plays of Sophocles (R. C. Jebb, Trans.). New York, NY: Bantam.
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Typepad HTML Email This isn’t covered under APA Style --- check out what others in your field have done and follow their suit. Good luck!
Toggle Commented Sep 17, 2013 on Do I Capitalize This Word? at APA Style Blog
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