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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
Recent Activity
Typepad HTML Email The way you wrote it in parentheses looks great!
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, if the book is by one author, then you provide a citation for the entire book, not 10 citations for all the different chapters you used. If you want, when paraphrasing, you can provide more specific information about where in the book the information comes from in the citation, as shown in this post about how to cite part of a work (in this case, a chapter or a page): http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/11/how-to-cite-part-of-a-work.html When you’re making a direct quotation, include the page number in the citation. Hope that helps!
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Typepad HTML Email No, you would not credit that person unless they made changes to the text, such as editing it. It does not appear that this is the case, so only James will appear in the reference. Hope that helps!
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Typepad HTML Email Standalone documents have italic titles, yes. And all APA reference entries follow the pattern of author, date, title, and source, so the authors should definitely come first. Hope that helps!
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Several online-only journals publish articles that have article numbers rather than unique page ranges. That is, instead of the first article in the issue starting on page 1, the second on page 20, the third on page 47, and so... Continue reading
Posted May 5, 2015 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email Titles in APA Style are written in sentence case, which means the capitalization is how you would write a sentence – first word capped, first word in a subtitle capped, and proper nouns capped (everything else lowercase). So a title with periods in it would be like three sentences: Our values. Our purpose. Our mission. Hope that helps!
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Typepad HTML Email It depends on what the quotation marks are signifying. If the quotation marks refer to speech, then there is often a comma preceding them. For example, Mary Anne said, “I enjoy psychology.” However, if the quotation marks are to signify a quoted passage, then you should punctuate around the quotation marks as if they were not there. Your first example indeed does not need any punctuation before the quotation and your second example correctly does need a colon. There are no differences if the quotation is long enough to be a block quotation; however, many writers feel that it looks a little bare to break a sentence for the block quotation without any punctuation mark (even though this is correct) and so they reword their sentence to use a colon before the block quotation. However, this is a question of personal style, not of APA Style requirements.
Toggle Commented Apr 30, 2015 on Punctuating Around Quotation Marks at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email You may be interested in this article addressing your concern about why the Publication Manual and blog are not double-spaced: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/07/why-isnt-apa-style-applied-to-the-book-describing-it.html Rest assured that the content, such as reference entries, follows the style throughout. I hope that helps clarify any confusion.
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Typepad HTML Email The page number is usually put directly after the closing quotation marks, so your first example is the one to go with.
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Typepad HTML Email Hello! Generally you can follow the convention of the group. EDUCAUSE appears to consistently spell out its name with all capital letters, so you can too. If the name were capitalized only on the cover of a book or journal for stylistic purposes, however, then you would just capitalize the first letter.
Toggle Commented Apr 27, 2015 on Do I Capitalize This Word? at APA Style Blog
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Dear Style Experts, My reference list includes many URLs and I am wondering whether they should be live and how they should be formatted (e.g., with underlining or blue font). In the Publication Manual it looks like links aren’t live,... Continue reading
Posted Apr 21, 2015 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email You treat the number as though it is spelled out. So “1 in 3 Campaign” would be alphabetized under “O” for “One.” Hope that helps!
Toggle Commented Apr 9, 2015 on Alphabetization in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email No space! Thanks for the easy question!
Toggle Commented Apr 9, 2015 on A DOI Primer at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Actually, use a comma rather than back to back parentheses: American Psychological Association (APA, 2010) recommends…
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Typepad HTML Email Actually, that person’s name would be listed twice, once as the author of the chapter and again as the editor of the anthology after “In”. You do list pages after volume information as you showed.
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Typepad HTML Email These chapters are considered “in press.” So you provide as much of the reference as you can, but use “in press” rather than the date of publication (since that date hasn’t come yet). For example: Smith, J. (in press). Title of chapter. In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of edited book. Publisher location: Publisher name. The references wouldn’t include page numbers since those haven’t been assigned yet.
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Typepad HTML Email Every citation has to uniquely refer to one reference list entry. So it’s Smith, Brady, et al. everywhere, even though Smith, Connor, et al. doesn’t occur until near the end of the paper. The plus of this approach is that you don’t have to remember where you last cited either Smith reference. Although note if the references have exactly three authors, you’ll actually have to write out all three names every time (see the section on the quirks of et al.). Good luck!
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, sentence case for article titles (including blog post titles) is correct!
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Typepad HTML Email You are following the correct procedure. While I see your colleague’s point, you can perhaps imagine the nightmare it would create in practice. As you are writing the paper you would constantly have to monitor whether you had added a citation to the other paper by Martin and update the references accordingly. It would be a lot of work and it would introduce considerable potential for error, as you would have to keep track of which you had switched and which you hadn’t. The method of assigning letters according to which title comes first alphabetically is simple and does not require any updates during the writing process, although it does require one to tolerate a “b” reference potentially coming before an “a” reference. Hope that helps!
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Typepad HTML Email Technically you are correct, because the manual says to put references in the same order as they appear in the reference list even when they shorten to et al. But in practice, people follow the convention of the proofreader and write “(Adams et al., 2013, 2014)” because the other way looks wrong even if it isn’t. I look at the practice of using chronological order with combined “et al.” citations to be an adaptation developed in the community that works, sort of like when people ignore sidewalks and make their own path through the grass. So you can decide which path is better for you to take. Good luck!
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Typepad HTML Email It does not matter whether words are in quotation marks for the purposes of capitalization. So the title of the paper would be written as follows: “I Didn’t Know Who Is Canadian”: The Shift in Student Expectations During the Initial Stages of a Study Abroad Program. Hope that helps!
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Typepad HTML Email The publication name is included for magazines, newspapers, and journals. However, blog posts don’t include the name of the blog in the reference list entry. So the thing to do is to determine what kind of source you’re looking at. Business Insider is an online newspaper, and Autoblog is (you guessed it) a blog. So yes to including the former, and no to including the latter in the reference.
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Typepad HTML Email The two references would be cited as (Harris, Bargh, & Brownell, 2009) and (Harris, Pomeranz, et al., 2009). You can’t shorten the reference with only three authors without it becoming confusing, so you just write out all three names each time in this case. Thanks for including the examples, too, as it made answering your question much easier! Hope this helps.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, you could use the same citation to refer to more than one image. My point is to clarify that you should not use the brackets before the parentheses because they are not necessary. You can simply put the information you had inside the brackets in the parentheses as well. Hope that helps!
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Typepad HTML Email You could actually put the comment inside the parentheses. Just write “(all images from Source, 2015)”.
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