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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
Recent Activity
APA and Psi Chi (the international honor society for psychology) have teamed up to produce free webinars for students on topics related to research and writing in psychology. The first webinar addressed how to find and use psychological tests and... Continue reading
Posted 4 days ago at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email I think the most straightforward approach will be to write a reference for each volume that you used. I recommend this because each volume has different editors (usually Rieber in combination with someone else), publication years, and (as you mentioned) restarts pagination with page 1. The tricky part I think you’re missing is that when you cite an anthology, the editor of the work goes at the beginning of the reference, not the person who wrote the works in the anthology. So, for example, a citation for Volume 1 of the collected works you’re using would look like this: Rieber, R. W., & Carton, A. S. (1987). The Collected Works of L. S. Vygotsky: Vol. 1. Problems of general psychology (N. Minick, Trans.). New York, NY: Plenum Press. In text: (Rieber & Carton, 1987) As shown in the example of the Kurt Lewin reader above, you would work the name of the author (Vygotsky) and the original time of publication of the works within the anthology (1925) into the narrative if desired. The citation, however, is to the particular book that you used, and to retrieve that your readers will need to know the editors of the volume, the year the anthology volume was published, the title of the volume, who translated it, and its publication information. Good luck!
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, you can do that if you like. There’s no rule about what has to be in a heading.
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Typepad HTML Email The names of websites don’t need to be italicized or put in quotes when referring to them by name in the text---just write the names Facebook or YouTube. The names of newspapers should be italicized in text. As to whether the Huffington Post is a newspaper…it’s debatable. There’s no governing authority who decides what’s a newspaper versus a website versus an online magazine versus something else entirely. Best to look at how the site refers to itself and follow the convention associated with that. So if they call themselves a newspaper, italicize the name; otherwise, don’t.
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Typepad HTML Email Sounds great. Good luck with your thesis!
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Typepad HTML Email Part of this is a grammar question and part of this is a writing style question. From the grammar perspective, look up something like “grammar how to use myself” and you’ll find lots of resources on proper usage of the word myself. For example, in your first sentence you should have used the word “me,” as in, “…was executed by the graphic designer, the web designer, and me.” From the writing style perspective, it could be that some of your sentences are put together awkwardly---not wrong, but not as great as they could be. Be careful of too much passive voice (e.g., “was executed by me” vs. the active “I executed”). It might be helpful for you to consult a writing tutor at your university or to ask a friend to read through your thesis with you to point out any trouble spots.
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Typepad HTML Email Actually, your student doesn’t need to do a citation for the hashtag search, because the hashtag search is part of his methodology. All he needs to do is say something along the lines of “I searched Twitter for the hashtags #climatechange and #globalwarming as used over the period from September 1, 2014, to September 20, 2014.” This is a direct parallel to what authors do when they conduct meta-analyses and describe their research methodology---they say, “I searched PsycINFO for articles using the keywords climate change and global warming published between 2010 and 2013.” If the reader wants to see the search results, they can conduct the same search themselves (which is possible both on Twitter and on research databases like PsycINFO). Your student should provide citations, though, for any individual tweets he uses in particular (e.g., as representative or illustrative cases).
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, correct!
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, you should use quotation marks because what you’re quoting is dialogue. It doesn’t matter how long it is; if you’re quoting speech, it goes in quotation marks. How you wrote it looks great.
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Typepad HTML Email No, you do not combine a question mark and a colon in this context. Just use the question mark in the title so that you get “Can You Modify Behavior? It All Depends on Approach.”
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Typepad HTML Email When you begin a paper with a quotation, it’s called an epigraph. Usually APA publishes epigraphs at the beginning of the text; however, you may have different guidelines to follow given that you are writing a dissertation. Ask your advisor about how to handle epigraphs.
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Typepad HTML Email It’s fair to say that the Google corporation wrote the page about Google Now. Your initial attempt at a reference looks good.
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Each fall the APA Style Blog Team puts together a “best of” feature, and this year we continue the tradition with an updated set of posts from the APA Style Blog and our parent site, apastyle.org. We hope it will... Continue reading
Posted Sep 4, 2014 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email In both cases the reference list entry-related answer is about retrieval. If a reader wanted to find the article or the chapter, whose name would be written on the title page or in the byline? I can’t say for sure for your questions since you didn’t link to the actual examples, but I suspect that is the weekly editorial author for the first question and all three authors for the second. However, when you use these sources in the text, you can clarify which author is speaking, if that’s relevant to your discussion. For example, for your article with the minority report, you could say something like “Johnson stated in his minority report (Smith, Lake, & Johnson, 2013) that….”
Toggle Commented Sep 2, 2014 on The Generic Reference: Who? at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email You can leave the heading where it is.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, Mann-Whitney U is capitalized. The best way to determine capitalization for any specific variable would be to look it up in a statistics textbook or to see how other published authors have capitalized it and follow their usage.
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Typepad HTML Email That’s a bug!
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Typepad HTML Email No, you can continue using “et al.” in this case. The first citation spells out the author names and subsequent citations abbreviate, regardless of whether any of these citations are parenthetical or in the narrative.
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Typepad HTML Email The advice on when to italicize variables should be consistent across all three places (the Publication Manual, Concise Rules, and the blog). The bottom line is to use the symbol for a variable when it’s in conjunction with a mathematical operator, and italicize that symbol (e.g., M = 2.37).
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Typepad HTML Email The author should be the person who wrote or is responsible for the press release. If David Smith wrote it, then you’d put “Smith, D.” in the reference list. In this case, the Illinois Department of Health would be Smith’s affiliation, and it would not be part of the reference. If you needed to let the reader know the press release was from the Illinois Department of Health, that would be something you could incorporate into the text (e.g., “In a press release from the Illinois Department of Health (Smith, 2014), it was found that….”).
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, we recommend that you follow this guideline: If you are going to have any subsections in a section, have at least two. This is considered a good writing practice. Ultimately, whether it is okay for you to have only one section would depend on what your professor or editor thinks.
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Typepad HTML Email Unfortunately we don’t have anything to do with automatic citations generated by third-party software. But you’re right about what the correct citation should look like (plus you don’t even need the retrieval date for the citation). The correct format would be this: Hume-Pratuch, J. (2014, July 25). How to Use the New DOI Format in APA Style [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/07/how-to-use-the-new-doi-format-in-apa-style.html
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Typepad HTML Email Your reference looks great. Even though the author used a nonstandard wording, it is still meant to be a proper noun and so you should capitalize it in the reference. However, in your own work please feel free to use the standard title of the mathematics policy.
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Typepad HTML Email In this case I would treat the reference as having no author and move the title to the author position. Your online reference work entry example looks great! The example provided by Drugs.com indeed makes no sense with any edition of APA Style that has ever existed.
Toggle Commented Jul 29, 2014 on The Generic Reference: Who? at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email For your question about the law reference: APA follows the citation formats of the Legal Bluebook (www.legalbluebook.com) for legal references. Your library will probably have a copy of this, or many law school websites will help you with legal citations. I did a search on “European Union directive citation Legal Bluebook” and you can find lots of examples that way that explain in great detail what to do (example: http://lawguides.creighton.edu/content.php?pid=135369&sid=1163728). I am not a legal scholar so I am not 100% on this, but I think the citation should be “Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, 2011 O. J. (L 174) 88.” in the reference list. In the text, the citation is the name of the law and the year, so “(Directive 2011/65/EU, 2011).” For the personal communication citations: You may want to give both employees numbers (Employee 1 and Employee 2, rather than Employee and Employee 2) to make them easier for the reader to tell apart. Otherwise, the citation follows the format for a personal communication properly.
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