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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
Recent Activity
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by Chelsea Lee Dear Style Expert, How do I format quotations from research participants who I interviewed as part of my work when those quotations are in a foreign language? Do I have to present the quotation in both the... Continue reading
Posted 2 days ago at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email If there were only one book, no comma…. With multiple books, it could be either way (there is no set guideline). I think the comma helps clarify that the edition belongs to all the versions and not just one.
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Typepad HTML Email There’s no guideline on what order to use—feel free to use whatever order you think makes the most sense. And yes, a comma before the version is correct.
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Typepad HTML Email Hi! You just need to define the abbreviation the first time you use the term. And you can actually accomplish this all at once! I’d write it like this: : ...offered by the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC, 2016) include having an active RN license.
Toggle Commented Jul 10, 2018 on An Abbreviations FAQ at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Unfortunately you can’t use one abbreviation to mean two different things, because it might confuse your readers. In your case, spell out the names of the scale to avoid confusion.
Toggle Commented Jul 5, 2018 on An Abbreviations FAQ at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Alright, I see why this is confusing to reference. Here is what I suggest you use for the reference: Winnicott, D. W. (1992). The antisocial tendency. In D. W. Winnicott, Through paediatrics to psychoanalysis: Collected papers (pp. 306-315). New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel. (Original work published 1956) In the text, cite this as (Winnicott, 1956/1992)
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Typepad HTML Email Hi Leigh, I appreciate your points very much, and you are not alone in making them. Suffice to say, this is on the list of improvements for the future! I don’t think I can explain why it is the way it is better than I already have in the post. Thanks again for sharing your thoughts.
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Typepad HTML Email Whether you use the initials in the in-text citation depends on whether you have another reference in the paper where the first author is S. Hashemi. If you don’t have this, then you don’t use the initials in the text at all: the first in-text citation is Hashemi, Azmoodeh, Hamzeh, and Hashemi (2017), and subsequent citations are Hashemi et al. You don’t need to use the initials because the two authors named Hashemi are within the same reference. Initials are used only when the first authors of two different references have the same surname. If you have other references with the first author of S. Hashemi, then you’d write H. Hashemi, Azmoodeh, Hamzeh, and Hashemi (2017) and H. Hashemi et al. Include the initials only for the first authors, and only when there are multiple different first authors with the same surname.
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Typepad HTML Email I understand. If the article is also available in print, you can give the print version of the reference as well, which will end with the article page numbers. That sounds like it will be the better solution for your case.
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Typepad HTML Email The notation [Abstract] is used only when you read/accessed only the abstract of a paper. Since you read the whole article, your reference will go to the whole article. For the direct quotation, because there is no page number, you will have to direct the reader to the quotation in another way. There are several ways of accomplishing this, but the most simple may be to say (Smith, 2018, abstract).
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Typepad HTML Email No, you can leave the heading where it is on the last line of the page. It’s fine there.
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Typepad HTML Email If your audience will not be able to read the original source, I suggest that you paraphrase the source rather than directly quoting. Then you will not have to transliterate, as you requested.
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Typepad HTML Email The format we use is “Retrieved from http://xxxx” where the URL is the login page of the database. I appreciate you pointing out the various nuances of different wording; however, in practice the interpretation of the phrasing I recommended is that you retrieved it from the database, and because the database requires a login, you give the login URL.
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Typepad HTML Email You can always send questions to us at StyleExpert@apa.org. The formatting for appendices is flexible depending on what is in the appendix. If the appendix contains text, then we recommend that it use the same formatting as the rest of the paper (line spacing, margins, etc.). However, if you’ve got something special, like an inventory, you might need different presentation. Send us an email with more details and we can help you out.
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Typepad HTML Email I think “Reprinted” is the better choice in this case. You were trying to give a clean copy, so any minor differences in the proportions are unintentional and very difficult to see.
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Typepad HTML Email Legal references follow legal citation style. You will have to look up the state’s reference format. University legal libraries are a good resource for this. If you need more help, please contact us at StyleExpert at apa.org.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, follow the same formatting guidelines for quotations in tables as in the text.
Toggle Commented Mar 22, 2018 on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, that’s right.
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by Chelsea Lee If you write about students in elementary, middle, or high school, then you’ve had to consider how to write grade numbers: eighth grade? 8th grade? Grade 8? Which is right? Should there be a hyphen? In APA... Continue reading
Posted Mar 14, 2018 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email Just apply the heading formatting as shown in Section 3.03 of the Publication Manual. (If you’re finding it too confusing though, that might mean your readers would be confused too---perhaps consider another heading.)
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Typepad HTML Email Format the heading according to the heading level you need, and then add the in-text citation for the APA Ethics Code. In your reference list, put the full reference list entry for the Ethics Code.
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Typepad HTML Email It’s not addressed, so we suggest you just use the same spacing as you have used after punctuation marks in the rest of the paper (so if you used double, do double).
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Typepad HTML Email Typically an em dash is used when the name of the test instrument is spelled out, and an en dash or hyphen is used when the name of the instrument is abbreviated.
Toggle Commented Mar 5, 2018 on An Abbreviations FAQ at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Follow the strategy described in the section of this post called “Making Note of a Name Change.” Refer to the organization by its new name, and explain that it used to be called something different. It’s the same strategy as if a person changed their name.
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by Chelsea Lee A rose by any other name would smell as sweet, right? Readers often ask us questions about how to handle repeated surnames in references. For example, how do you cite a work where some or all of... Continue reading
Posted Feb 27, 2018 at APA Style Blog