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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
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Typepad HTML Email NICE is capped because it is an acronym, and the other words are capitalized because they are followed by a number denoting a place in a series.
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by Chelsea Lee Mistakes sometimes make their way into published articles. When these mistakes are discovered, they must be disclosed to the community of scholars so that other researchers do not draw conclusions from false premises. If the error is... Continue reading
Posted Mar 15, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email Thanks for sharing your thoughts on presenting the title on the title page. If the title spans two lines, you can break it wherever you want (or just let it wrap naturally). Perhaps a break at a different place would alleviate the confusion you are experiencing.
Toggle Commented Mar 14, 2017 on Five Steps to a Great Title at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Put the article title in quotation marks and title case when you use it in an in-text citation. In the reference list, the only special thing is to alphabetize the title as though the number were spelled out---so 2012 would be “two-thousand twelve.”
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Typepad HTML Email Think of hyphens as serving two purposes. One is to attach a prefix to a word (like “pre-existing”), and the other is to connect two words into a compound (like “self-report”). In the case of a prefix, you would only capitalize the first letter of the word when writing in title case (“Pre-existing”); in the case of a hyphen in a compound word, you capitalize both first letters (“Self-Report”).
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, that’s it!
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, the format from the software is wrong. A reference for the whole edited book should look like this: Sauvant, D., Perez, J.-M., & Tran, G. (Eds.). (2004). Tables of composition and nutritional value of feed materials: Pig, poultry, cattle, sheep, goats, rabbits, horses, fish (A. Ponter, Trans., 2nd ed.). Wageningen, the Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, the guidance is accurate.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, as described in this post, in the absence of a page number, you are supposed to provide other means to help the reader locate the quoted passage. The response to MTW in February 2017 refers to a case where there is only three lines of text on the page and nothing else---not a typical case.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, you’ve got it right.
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Typepad HTML Email If you are quoting two paragraphs from two different pages, then the citation should be (Moritz, 1990, pp. 14, 16). You don’t need to specify which paragraph on the page the quotations are from.
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Typepad HTML Email If you use a direct quotation, it has to have a page number or other location information in the citation. APA doesn’t use “n.p.” (for “no page”); instead, follow the directions in this blog post for how to cite material without page numbers.
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Typepad HTML Email Essentially it’s just author, date, title, and source (URL). If you know the real name of the person commenting, you can provide their real name and their screen name in brackets; if all you know is the screen name, just give the screen name (without brackets). For the title give the content of the post up to the first 40 words, followed by the notation [Online forum comment]. Link to the comment directly with the URL if you can. Here’s an example comment from Bill Gates’s recent AMA on Reddit: Gates, B. [thisisbillgates]. (2017, February 28). This is a great question. I felt sure that allowing anyone to publish information and making it easy to find would enhance democracy and the overall quality of political debate. However the partitioning you talk about which started on cable [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/5whpqs/im_bill_gates_cochair_of_the_bill_melinda_gates/dea6uie/ In text: (Gates, 2017)
Toggle Commented Mar 2, 2017 on How to Cite Part of a Work at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email The abbreviations should be listed in the same order in which they appear in the table (reading from left to right starting from the top).
Toggle Commented Feb 27, 2017 on An Abbreviations FAQ at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, I’m sure it’s correct. The double-vowel rule doesn’t apply to “ee,” so “reexamination” is correct. I’ll get that clarification added to our FAQ so it doesn’t cause further confusion.
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Typepad HTML Email I’d be happy to explain the case you brought up, which is actually about restrictive versus nonrestrictive clauses rather than quotation marks. The example without the comma is restrictive; it specifies which article (out of many) you mean. The example with the comma is nonrestrictive; it provides more detail about a singular case. Thus, both versions of your sentence could be correct depending on whether the name of the article is used in a restrictive or nonrestrictive sense. For a parallel example, imagine a person with two brothers (George and Paul) and one sister (Mary). You would say, “This is my brother George” and there should be no comma because “George” must clarify which brother you mean. If you just said “This is my brother” I would need to ask you which one. Likewise, you would say “This is my sister, Mary” and the comma is used because it clarifies the name of the sister but there is no question as to which sister because there is only one.
Toggle Commented Feb 27, 2017 on Punctuating Around Quotation Marks at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email No, APA does not use the abbreviation “ff” in its citations. I would query the author to see what page range would be most appropriate for that citation.
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Typepad HTML Email APA counts words like you see in MS Word; a space signals the start of a new word.
Toggle Commented Feb 21, 2017 on Five Steps to a Great Title at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, within a reference, only use one space after any punctuation.
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Typepad HTML Email You can actually count from the nearest heading. So you can say “Results section, para 2” where the word “Results” is the name of the heading.
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Typepad HTML Email The format is the same as for a print encyclopedia except the reference ends with the URL. Berger, F. K. (2016). Hallucinations. In MedLine Plus. Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003258.htm In text: (Berger, 2016)
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Typepad HTML Email You don’t need the comma when you’re using a dash. Your sentence is correct if you take the comma out and just use the dashes!
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Typepad HTML Email Thank you, you are correct! It must have changed since I wrote the post originally a few months ago. I will update the post.
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Typepad HTML Email I think in this case you’d just use author and date and no page or paragraph number, because there is no page or paragraph number to give.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, it is perfectly fine if you give your students a rule to follow that works better for you. Making adaptations to APA Style like this is totally permissible. Thanks for sharing what works better for you.
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