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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
Recent Activity
Typepad HTML Email I would use 2016 as the date.
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I would capitalize it because you are using the word "port" as a proper noun. It's like a nickname--- you would call Katherine "Katie" but not "katie."
Toggle Commented Sep 15, 2016 on Do I Capitalize This Word? at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email It’s not ethical to cite something as a personal communication if doing so would violate HIPAA or other confidentiality agreements. If someone agrees to have their words but not their name on record, you can provide the person a description or a pseudonym instead. However, it sounds like your students are already covered by the guidelines in this blog post and should not be citing the patients as personal communications at all. They would just present the information, not cite it per se.
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Typepad HTML Email You skip “The” and “A” when alphabetizing. So you would alphabetize your book by “Embera.”
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, the students should include the copyright statement and reference list entry. You’ve worded it correctly!
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Typepad HTML Email As long as the URL works for the reader (and your URLs work), you can use either.
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Actually for this example you would not abbreviate the author lists for either reference because doing so would create ambiguity.
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You do not have to use the issue number in the reference at all in this case.
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The authors should be listed as they are shown on the book.
Toggle Commented Sep 6, 2016 on Alphabetization in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email You would put the study number after a comma: (McCleary et al., 2011, Study 1). Good luck!
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by Chelsea Lee APA Style references have four parts: author, date, title, and source, and these parts are separated by periods. This example of a book reference shows the pattern (the periods are highlighted to help you see them): Author,... Continue reading
Posted Aug 15, 2016 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email Once you introduce an abbreviation, you can use it at the beginning of a sentence if you want! Good luck!
Toggle Commented Aug 8, 2016 on An Abbreviations FAQ at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, you would use reverse italics on the title within a title: Christians and the color line: Race and religion after Divided by faith.
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Typepad HTML Email My advice is that you should use it whenever you mean it, but to keep in mind that no reader expects one study to be an exhaustive list of the literature. So if you are making a particular point and you cite a source or two, you probably wouldn’t need to use “e.g.” because the reader will already understand that those two sources are meant to support your statement, not that those two sources are the only two sources in the whole literature that support your statement. However, if you’re making a broader claim, or if you’re providing background information, “e.g.” is more helpful to the reader. Good luck!
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Typepad HTML Email I would use the page the footnote is actually on.
Toggle Commented Jul 20, 2016 on How to Cite Part of a Work at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email A very strict interpretation of the rules would indeed produce a citation of (Barnett et al., 1992, 1987). However, in practice our authors tend to use chronological order for cases like these, and you are permitted to do the same. J
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Typepad HTML Email You’d use two hyphens: health-care-associated infection. J
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by Anne Breitenbach APA Style is older than virtually all of its users—if you were born after 1929, then APA Style is older than you are. But just because APA Style is nearing its 10th decade doesn’t mean that its... Continue reading
Posted Jul 14, 2016 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email I think either slashes or commas would work here! Perhaps “Sonata, Sonatina, and Baroque Festival.”
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Typepad HTML Email Hi D, This blog is a relatively informal place, so contractions are appropriate. There is no such rule as “no contractions” or “all contractions.” For your last question, the phrasing would be “contract either everything or nothing.”
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Typepad HTML Email Italicize the title of a press release. We reconsidered whether the title should be italic after talking it through with readers, and the old comments you see are evidence of that. We settled on italic. Thanks for asking!
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You should use double quotation marks. Thanks for the question!
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Typepad HTML Email Good question, but no, they wouldn’t be, because the articles are not packaged as separate issues.
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Typepad HTML Email It should go under T for “twenty-three.”
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, spell it out and alphabetize it under “World.”
Toggle Commented Jul 5, 2016 on Alphabetization in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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