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Chelsea Lee
Washington, DC
I'm a manuscript editor at the American Psychological Association.
Interests: swing dancing, Balboa, crossword puzzles, grammar
Recent Activity
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by Chelsea Lee This post is part of a series on author names. Other posts in the series will be linked at the bottom of this post as they are published. This post addresses how to cite authors who have... Continue reading
Posted 4 days ago at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email When there is no author, the title of the work moves to the author position of the reference. So for your example, I recommend this reference: Ex-national security adviser defies Senate's Russia inquiry. (2017, May 22). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-40004300 Also, the title of the article when I visited the link is different than what you included --- check the source to make sure you have the most up-to-date information.
Toggle Commented 6 days ago on The Generic Reference: Who? at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email That is correct; a book title is in italics.
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by Chelsea Lee This post is part of a series on author names. Other posts in the series will be linked at the bottom of this post as they are published. Most people have one or more given names and... Continue reading
Posted May 17, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email The APA version would rearrange the recommended elements into the author-date-title-source order. So here is what you’d use (you’d just fill in the URL): National Fire Protection Association. (2002). Standard for health care facilities (NFPA Standard No. 99). Retrieved from http://???? In text: (National Fire Protection Association, 2002) Also, if you use the abbreviation NFPA in your paper, you can also use the abbreviation in the in-text citation.
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Not quite. Only a general note begins with the label Note. If you have only a specific note and/or a probability note, then you do not use the label. Each type of note (general, specific, probability) begins on a new line.
Toggle Commented May 11, 2017 on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
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by Chelsea Lee This post is part of a series on author names. Other posts in the series will be linked at the bottom of this post as they are published. Although APA encourages authors to use one format for... Continue reading
Posted May 10, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email Most likely yes. If you are referring to an army (and so on for the other examples you gave) in general, then use lowercase; if you are referring to the specific U.S. Army, then capitalize “Army” even if you just say “he joined the Army.”
Toggle Commented May 10, 2017 on Do I Capitalize This Word? at APA Style Blog
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Typepad HTML Email It’s not forbidden to use the entire name of the author; it’s just seldom done. Usually the full name is included only if the author is particularly famous or if you are delving in-depth into an author’s work.
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Typepad HTML Email I suggest that you put the Indonesian quotes in italic font and the English in regular font inside square brackets to indicate it is a translation. Regardless of how long the quote is, I would put the whole Indonesian quote first, followed by the English translation (that is, don’t translate after every word; translate the whole phrase/sentence).
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by Chelsea Lee This post is part of a series on author names. Other posts in the series will be linked at the bottom of this post as they are published. The APA Style format for author names in reference... Continue reading
Posted May 4, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email For this case it is entirely appropriate to use History.com staff as the author. Although it sounds vague, this is how the work is credited on the site itself. Because a purpose of a reference is to allow the reader to retrieve the source, it is important to replicate the authorship information on the source whenever possible. In my experience, an organization can be credited as a group author more often than not. Major exceptions are wiki entries, dictionary and encyclopedia entries, and newspaper stories without bylines.
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Typepad HTML Email Greek letters used as variables aren’t italicized because it’s not APA Style to italicize them. I believe they are considered different enough from the Roman alphabet that the writers of the manual didn’t think it necessary to distinguish them further through italicization.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, exactly!
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Typepad HTML Email Regular number formatting applies when an amendment is mentioned as part of a sentence: spell out for the first through ninth amendments and use numerals thereafter (e.g., “the fourth amendment,” “the 12th amendment”).
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, thank you for pointing this out. This was a limitation of the scope of the examples shown in the 2010 post and why the 2016 post was added.
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Typepad HTML Email The time stamp should reflect the format shown on the video. Videos shorter than 1 hour usually only show minutes and seconds (e.g., 01:20), whereas videos longer than an hour show hours, minutes, and seconds (e.g., 00:01:20). As long as users reproduce what they see as the timestamp, the reader should not have trouble finding the same point. Thanks for your suggestion of an alternative format though J
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by Chelsea Lee If a reference list entry begins with a number (as might be the case for a reference with no author), you should alphabetize the entry in the reference list as though the number were spelled out. So... Continue reading
Posted Apr 12, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Typepad HTML Email An example of a work that is part of a greater whole would be an article on one of those news aggregator sites like MSN.com. The “greater whole” is the news aggregator website and it has articles on it. Otherwise there should be no difference between the 2010 and 2016 guidelines – what are you referring to?
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Typepad HTML Email A reference to an online journal is the same as a reference to a print journal article, except that it includes electronic retrieval information (usually a DOI).
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Typepad HTML Email You’ve got it right, except that APA uses a hyphen in the “n.d.-a” and “n.d.-b” elements. Otherwise, you’re good to go.
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Typepad HTML Email The format is the same as for a journal article. The author as stated on the work is National Council of State Boards of Nursing, so you will alphabetize it under N.
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Typepad HTML Email In this case, you would list all authors for both references to distinguish them.
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Typepad HTML Email Yes, this works great.
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Typepad HTML Email The format would be author (the person who wrote the review, using whatever screen name they used on the site), the full date of review, the title of the review plus “[Review of the app XYZ by Smith Company]”, and then the URL of the review.
Toggle Commented Apr 2, 2017 on How to Cite a Mobile App at APA Style Blog
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