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Leonardo de Oliveira Martins
Vigo, Spain
Evolutionary Biologist
Recent Activity
In the lack of a better place to store these articles, I'll collect them here. Although the common subject is the left-wing populism rise in Greece, it helps explaining many other movements around the globe. Greek Leader Tsipras Proposes Series of Populist Measures - WSJ:Vowing to combat poverty and ease personal tax burdens, Mr. Tsipras said his government next week would submit five pieces of legislation that provide free electricity and food to some 300,000 poor households and stretches out... Continue reading
Posted Nov 15, 2016 at Fortiter in re
Venus in Furs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: This manuscript tells of a man, Severin von Kusiemski, who is so infatuated with a woman, Wanda von Dunajew, that he asks to be her slave, and encourages her to treat him in progressively more degrading ways. At first Wanda does not understand or accede to the request, but after humouring Severin a bit she finds the advantages of the method to be interesting and enthusiastically embraces the idea, although at the... Continue reading
Posted Aug 9, 2014 at Fortiter in re
Code smell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Often the deeper problem hinted by a code smell can be uncovered when the code is subjected to a short feedback cycle where it is refactored in small, controlled steps, and the resulting design is examined to see if there are any further code smells that indicate the need of more refactoring. From the point of view of a programmer charged with performing refactoring, code smells are heuristics to indicate when to refactor,... Continue reading
Posted Feb 25, 2014 at Fortiter in re
Algo intimidante la mamá de las alcachofas... — Gabriel León (@GaboTuitero) November 26, 2013 . ¡Y esta planta es la mamá de los brocolis, repollo, coliflor y bruselas gracias a 4 mutaciones diferentes! — Gabriel León (@GaboTuitero) November 26, 2013 . ¿Se imaginan tener que comer estos plátanos llenos de semillas? Así eran antes de que el hombre metiera mano — Gabriel León (@GaboTuitero) November 26, 2013 . ¿Una ensalada chilena con estos tomates? Además de chicos,... Continue reading
Posted Nov 26, 2013 at Fortiter in re
Hanlon's razor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hanlon's razor is an eponymous adage that allows the elimination of unlikely explanations for a phenomenon. It reads: Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity. The adage was popularized in this form and under this name by the Jargon File, a glossary of computer programmer slang.[1][2] In 1990, it appeared in the Jargon File described as a "murphyism" parallel to Occam's Razor".[3] The name was inspired by Occam's razor.[4]... Continue reading
Posted Oct 14, 2013 at Fortiter in re
Campbell's law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Campbell's law is an adage developed by Donald T. Campbell:[1] "The more any quantitative social indicator is used for social decision-making, the more subject it will be to corruption pressures and the more apt it will be to distort and corrupt the social processes it is intended to monitor." The social science principle of Campbell's law is sometimes used to point out the negative consequences of high-stakes testing in U.S. classrooms. Lucas critique... Continue reading
Posted Apr 25, 2013 at Fortiter in re
Stigler's law of eponymy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Stigler's law of eponymy is a process proposed by University of Chicago statistics professor Stephen Stigler in his 1980 publication "Stigler’s law of eponymy".[1] In its simplest and strongest form it says: "No scientific discovery is named after its original discoverer." Stigler named the sociologist Robert K. Merton as the discoverer of "Stigler's law", consciously making "Stigler's law" exemplify itself. Stigler's law of eponymy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: The Matthew... Continue reading
Posted Mar 17, 2013 at Fortiter in re
Potemkin village - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The phrase Potemkin villages was originally used to describe a fake village, built only to impress.The phrase is now used, typically in politics and economics, to describe any construction (physical or figurative) built solely to deceive others into thinking that some situation is better than it really is. It is unclear whether the origin of the phrase is factual, an exaggeration, or a myth - for information on the historical debate see below.... Continue reading
Posted Dec 26, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Robert Bork - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Safire defines to bork by reference "to the way Democrats savaged Ronald Reagan's nominee, the Appeals Court judge Robert H. Bork, the year before."[30] Perhaps the best known use of the verb to bork occurred in July 1991 at a conference of the National Organization for Women in New York City. Feminist Florynce Kennedy addressed the conference on the importance of defeating the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court. She... Continue reading
Posted Dec 23, 2012 at Fortiter in re
African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Faubus was not a proclaimed segregationist. The Arkansas Democratic Party, which then controlled politics in the state, put significant pressure on Faubus after he had indicated he would investigate bringing Arkansas into compliance with the Brown decision. Faubus then took his stand against integration and against the Federal court order that required it. African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In 1964, organizers launched the Mississippi Freedom... Continue reading
Posted Dec 23, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Ochlocracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ochlocracy (Greek: ὀχλοκρατία, okhlokratía; Latin: ochlocratia) or mob rule is government by mob or a mass of people, or the intimidation of legitimate authorities. As a pejorative for majoritarianism, it is akin to the Latin phrase mobile vulgus meaning "the fickle crowd", from which the English term "mob" was originally derived in the 1680s.[1] Ochlocracy ("rule of the general populace") is democracy ("rule of the people") spoiled by demagoguery, "tyranny of the majority" and... Continue reading
Posted Dec 11, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Uncomfortable science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Uncomfortable science is the term coined by statistician John Tukey for cases in which there is a need to draw an inference from a limited sample of data, where further samples influenced by the same cause system will not be available. More specifically, it involves the analysis of a finite natural phenomenon for which it is difficult to overcome the problem of using a common sample of data for both exploratory data analysis... Continue reading
Posted Dec 4, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Academia Brasileira de Letras – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre A Academia Brasileira de Letras já foi criticada por não ter tido suas cadeiras ocupadas por aclamados escritores da literatura brasileira, tais como Lima Barreto, Monteiro Lobato, Carlos Drummond de Andrade,Gilberto Freyre, Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, Caio Prado Júnior, Graciliano Ramos, Cecília Meireles, Clarice Lispector, Vinícius de Moraes, Erico Verissimo e Mário Quintana, bem como por ter tornado "imortais" autores como os influentes políticos Getúlio Vargas e José Sarney, ex-presidentes da... Continue reading
Posted Nov 27, 2012 at Fortiter in re
single word requests - Is there a term that defines nostalgia for something you've never experienced? - English Language and Usage I think the word wistful captures that sense of wishing for something, tinged with regret. I'm not sure that nostalgia requires you to have experienced the thing you're missing, but it does require it to be in the past. Wistfulness doesn't - I can feel wistful thinking of something I could be doing, or had once thought I would... Continue reading
Posted Nov 25, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Chartalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Chartalism is a descriptive economic theory that details the procedures and consequences of using government-issued tokens as the unit of money, i.e. fiat money. The name derives from the Latin charta, in the sense of a token or ticket.[1] The modern theoretical body of work on chartalism is known as Modern Monetary Theory or Modern Monetary Theory (MMT). MMT aims to describe and analyze modern economies in which the national currency is fiat money,... Continue reading
Posted Nov 20, 2012 at Fortiter in re
吉田清治 (文筆家) - Wikipedia 1977年(昭和52年)に、『朝鮮人慰安婦と日本人』を新人物往来社から出版。その中で、第二次世界大戦中に日本軍人が... Continue reading
Posted Aug 23, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Psychological Projection Psychological projection is the phenomenon whereby one projects one’s own thoughts, motivations, desires, feelings, and so on onto someone else (usually another person, but psychological projection onto animals, parents, children, neighbors, other drivers, political figures, racial groups, states and countries, also occurs). According to the theories of Sigmund Freud, psychological projection is a psychological defense mechanism whereby one “projects” one’s own undesirable thoughts, motivations, desires, feelings, and so on onto someone else (usually another person, but psychological projection... Continue reading
Posted Aug 9, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Hanlon's razor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hanlon's Razor is an eponymous adage that reads: Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity. (...) Hanlon's Razor might be a corruption of "Heinlein's Razor". "Heinlein's Razor" has since been defined as variations on Never attribute to malice that which can be adequately explained by stupidity, but don't rule out malice.[4] Yet another similar epigram ("Never ascribe to malice that which is adequately explained by incompetence") has been widely... Continue reading
Posted Apr 1, 2012 at Fortiter in re
Biljana Plavšić - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Plavšić was a university professor teaching biology at the University of Sarajevo and acted as Head of Department of Biology. She is a Fulbright Scholar, and as such she spent two years at Boyce-Thompson institute at Cornell University in New York doing botany research. She then specialized in electron microscopy in London, and plant virology in Prague and Bari. A highly accomplished scientist, she published over one hundred scientific works and papers which... Continue reading
Posted Dec 9, 2011 at Fortiter in re
Vide "Parkinson's Law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia": Parkinson's Law is the adage first articulated by Cyril Northcote Parkinson as the first sentence of a humorous essay published in The Economist in 1955: “ Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion. ” It was later reprinted together with other essays in the book Parkinson's Law: The Pursuit of Progress (London, John Murray, 1958). He derived the dictum from his extensive experience in the British Civil... Continue reading
Posted Jul 17, 2011 at Fortiter in re
Long story short: if the premise is false, we don't need to bother (the conditional is true). Vide "Drinker paradox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia": The drinker paradox is a theorem of classical predicate logic that states: There is someone in the pub such that, if he is drinking, everyone in the pub is drinking. The actual theorem is The paradox is valid due to the nature of material implication in formal logic, which states that "If P, then Q"... Continue reading
Posted Jul 17, 2011 at Fortiter in re
Vide "Selection bias - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia": Selection bias is a statistical bias in which there is an error in choosing the individuals or groups to take part in a scientific study.[1] It is sometimes referred to as the selection effect. The term "selection bias" most often refers to the distortion of a statistical analysis, resulting from the method of collecting samples. If the selection bias is not taken into account then any conclusions drawn may be wrong. (...)... Continue reading
Posted Jul 5, 2011 at Fortiter in re
Vide "Begging the question - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia": Begging the question (or petitio principii, "assuming the initial point") is a type of logical fallacy in which the proposition to be proven is assumed implicitly or explicitly in the premise. The first known definition in the West is by the Greek philosopher Aristotle around 350 BC, in his book Prior Analytics, where he classified it as a material fallacy. Begging the question is related to the circular argument, circulus in... Continue reading
Posted Jul 5, 2011 at Fortiter in re
Vide "Abductive reasoning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia": Abduction is a kind of logical inference described by Charles Sanders Peirce as "guessing".[1] The term refers to the process of arriving at an explanatory hypothesis. Peirce said that to abduce a hypothetical explanation a from an observed surprising circumstance b is to surmise that a may be true because then b would be a matter of course.[2] Thus, to abduce a from b involves determining that a is sufficient (or nearly... Continue reading
Posted Jul 5, 2011 at Fortiter in re
Vide "Trigraph (orthography) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia": ‹sch› is used in German to represent [ʃ]. It was also used in medieval Polish orthography. In Middle English, ‹sch› was the most common spelling for this sound, replacing earlier ‹sc› of Old English; it was replaced in turn by ‹sh› in Modern English. Most words with ‹sch› in Modern English are based on Latin orthography, where the ‹ch› is /k/. An exception is the word schedule (from the Late Latin schedula)... Continue reading
Posted Jun 6, 2011 at Fortiter in re