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HarveyD
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By 2050 (and probably many years before) much lower cost longer lasting batteries will be available as ideal storage units for REs. Improved higher power ultra quick ultra-caps could also be combined with batteries to maximize the use of REs.
Yes, long range electrified city buses using FCs as range extenders can be converted to shorter range EV units. Both versions are available. H2 could easily be produced at the FC-Bus depots or trucked in?
Fully automated e-taxis, e-mini-buses and large e-buses would help to reduce cost, pollution and GHG.
Will this be enough to compete with Chinese vehicle manufacturers?
Another joint venture between two majors (VW and Hyundai) could further advance the mass production of affordable, very quick refill, all weather, extended range FCEVs to compete with slow charge limited range BEVs.
It looks like the 830+ CPPs in USA/China/India/RoW may be progressively replaced by Wind/Solar power plants with storage and Hydro/NPPs. The soonest the better. The arrival of (ground-air-sea) electrified vehicles will need more (up to +20%) clean e-generation capacity.
This type of combined efforts is good news for future (2030) SS higher performance, lower cost batteries. It is doubtful that $90M will be no where near enough, $900M would be a minimum?. No doubt that current care makers in Japan have the experience, knowhow and vision required to do as well if not better than TESLA.
There are over 400 H2 stations in operation or in final stage of construction. Japan seems to be the current leader with over 63 H2 stations. California and China will not be far behind. As with NPPs, electrified vehicles, batteries, solar/wind power plants etc China will soon lead with H2 stations and FCEVs.
A good chicken/egg question. Usage will increase with FCEVs fleet growth. How much traffic/usage in the 31 H2 stations in California? It will also increase with FCEVs fleet growth?
A wise decision from Shell to actively participate into the H2 economy. Power compagnies should get involved before the H2 market is fully occupied by Oil majors.
Using corn and other edible products to produce bio-fuels for our gas guzzlers, while 25% of the world goes hungry, may be an acceptable short term solution to reduce GHG but is not the best long term solution.
The current very slow progress with battery development may get a welcomed boast with this (and other) technologies. We attended the graduation of one of our grandson yesterday and noted that most top honour students were from Asia. This seems the case in USA too and specially in energy storage technologies?
Good move Chicago. Reduced ops & maintenance ($54K/year per bus) will offset the extra initial purchase cost within 8 to10 years or so? Reduced pollution and CO2 emissions will be an added benefit.
Hope that TTTech Auto and BMW will go from level 2 to 4 and 5 ADVs by 2025 or so and the technology developed will be safe and available to other ADV manufacturers.
Mining sea water for rare elements, salt (to produce fresh water), plastic micro particules etc may become a win-win solution?
Not all H2 production methods are very clean and this method is not the cleanest. Secondly, transporting liquified H2 up to 3000 Km (and more) by polluting diesel trucks to California will add more pollution. Producing clean H2 on sites in California with solar/wind energy or with methane from adjacent landfills could be a far better solution.?
Yes Brian P Toronto is leading the way. Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton will soon follow. Unfortunately, Montreal (Island) intents to buy up to 960 new Hybrid buses to replace (660) aging diesel units and expand the fleet (by 300) in 2019-2025, thus postponing the arrival of city e-buses by another 6+ years. However, this programme may be changed (or be modified) after the next provincial election in early October 2018.
This is very good news for Sacramento-California and the near future use of clean vehicles. Will the rest of USA and North America follow?
This may be the right approach to support future economic H2 economy development. The nuclear industry would benefit from a similar approach?
This could become one of the early electric AWD/ADV mini-bus on the market place for dedicated routes. If successful, it could be expended to larger e-buses by 2025 or so.
Great, but the 2028/2029 percentage step is too wide and may/will not be met?
Will BMW be the next major (after Toyota) to reach 5% electrified vehicles?