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You could add ALSTOM with their new H2 trains?
Our family has been driving a mix of Toyota ICEVs and HEVs and PHEVs for the last 35+ years and have never been disappointed. Our last Big-3 huge ICEV was bought 28 years ago and changed for a Toyota Camry 2 years latter. Those Toyotas last 15 to 20 years and are passed from one generation to the next. We will try their FCEVs (or FCPHEVs) as soon as enough local H2 stations are installed.
A hand to Alstom, Germany and France to pioneer the first commercial Hydrogen trains and progressively replace diesel polluting units without over head power lines. Alstom is well know for high quality trains and subways. There is no doubt that these Coradia iLint H2 trains will be a success. USA (AmTrack) and Canada (ViaRail) could use those H2 Alstom passenger trains on their non-electrified rails to progressively replace current diesel units to greatly reduce pollution and GHGs. Future models could certainly be driverless to reduce accidents and operation cost. Similar units would be great as subway cars and to replace current/new suburb trains.
Modular EVs will give superior construction flexibility and may be lighter depending on materials and batteries used. EV batteries evolved and are evolving at a very slow rate of 5% to 8%/year. It will take many years to go from 1X to 5X and may take more/many decades to go from 5X to 10X units. Affordable all weather extended range BEVs need much lower cost 5X ultra quick charge batteries to compete with existing all weather extended range FCEVs.
Anti clean H2 economy/technology posters don't want to admit that batteries are not yet performant enough (too heavy, too large, limited storage, very slow charge etc) for many all weather extended range vehicles, such as, VUS, large pick-ups, trucks, buses, trains, ships etc. Affordable batteries with 5X to 10X performance and very quick recharge (5 minutes) with clean e-energy are required to compete with FCs. They may not be around for another 10-15-20 years.
USA will probably lead in the production and use of polluting fossil fuels (coal, oil & NG) but China will continue to lead in the production and use of affordable REs, new NPPs, EV batteries and EVs of all sizes.
China will probably maintain a leading role in affordable EV battery mass production including near future SS batteries?
Biogas may not be the cleanest feedstock to produce clean H2. New highly efficient electrolysers fed with clean REs could be superior but wastes would still have to be treated? Using wastes to create bio fuels is even worst.
Wise to move where future markets will be. India may be the next place to go?
These smaller, more compact, lower cost BCPFCs could easily replace ICEs currently used in most PHEVs and greatly reduce bio/fossil fuels consumption, pollution and GHGs. An important and interesting development from EU countries.
The PHEV version (with 145 mpge or 1.6L/100Km) is very interesting and could be a very good first step towards future extended range (BEVs/FCEVs) electrified vehicles to greatly reduce bio/fossil fuel consumption, GHGs and pollution.
E-P, are you a paid promoter of nuclear energy? If you are, you could (maybe) promote the use of smaller, much lower cost, mass produced, transportable NPPs? The latest larger NPPs have huge cost overruns and very few countries can really afford them. The total delivered energy cost is close to $0.25/kWh and will probably reach $0.30/kWh by 2020/2025. That will be close to 10 times more than clean REs. Regardless of what we think or say, many countries (and/or States) will use (by 2045/2050 or so) up to and over 50% clean REs (with storage) for e-energy including the e-energy required for HVAC, lighting, electrolyzers, FCEVs and EVs. The use of bio/fossil fuels will be progressively restricted and/or banned. NB: Our new GREE (made in China) very high efficiency heat pumps are doing very well. Anxious to see how they will perform at -30C.
Near future, long lasting, higher performance SS batteries will make battery operated trains a reality. Avoiding the high cost of overhead cables will offset some of the batteries cost. Very high speed long range passenger trains may still need cables and/or on board FCs to recharge the batteries.
Driverless vehicles are/will evolve at a fast rate in the next decade. Applications will multiply. Safety/security on board systems will also have to evolve to keep thieves away?
Excellent idea. Eventually, multiple color displays (on full dashboard) will supply driver more useful views & information to increase safety and reduce accidents/casualties?
Smart design extended range FC trucks & buses & trains from So-Korea, Germany and California will soon contribute to reduced pollution and GHGs. Those electrified units will also be more efficient and cheaper to operate than current polluting diesel units. A hand to Hyundai for active contribution.
Refurbishing old NPPs and/or building new nuclear plants in California and many other places like Ontario/Canada, France, Germany, Japan etc sounds good for zero-emission electricity production but is no longer economical. Current and near future REs (solar, wind, pumped hydro etc) can be built much faster at a much lower cost. Large solar and wind farms can increase rain falls in overly dry areas (as secondary benefit) while NPPs do the opposite.
New Quebec Hydro plants + potential 100 TWh wind farms (in Ontario & Quebec) could produce a major portion of the 132 TWh required by Ontario. Of course Ontario could-would have to progressively phase out the 19 CANDUs and CPPs. Their NGPPs and newer NPPs could be retained as fillers. There is nothing pathetic about progressively using more REs (with on and off shore Winds in this case and/or solar in other sunny places) complemented by new and existing Hydro to progressively and selectively replace older CANDUs, polluting CPPs and eventually NGPPs. Where Hydro potential does not exist, NGPPs and NPPs could be used to complement REs.
Since the majority of (affordable) electrified vehicles are made and sold in China and large battery plants are built faster and at a lower cost in China, it will make sense that both affordable SS batteries and affordable electrified vehicles be built in China, specially for the China large market.
Yes, a driverless small FCEV could follow this Healthcare vehicle and supply all the on board clean energy required for the MDC HVAC and to operate the medical equipment, for an extra $50K or so?
The current 27 large water reservoirs are overflowing at the rate of 11+ TWh/year with only 4 TWh of local wind energy installed. The future 20+ large reservoirs + the existing 27 could complement another 50 to 100+ TWh of wind energy, when Hydro is used as fillers. The high quality of shores winds and wide geographic distribution would ensure better steady production. Many current hydro plants could be equipped with extra turbines to better use the excess water due to increasing rain falls. The proposed Wind farms could be installed near or colocated with existing/new Hydro power plants. Very high voltage (up to 1,000,000 VAC) power lines (grid) could transport clean energy to Ontario, Quebec, NFld, NS, NB and a few Eastern States, This approach is progressively being installed with a few new wind farms every 2 or 3 years and new Hydro plant every 5 to 8 years. The current (limiting) problem are cheap NGPPs in USA and aging CANDUs in Ontario. The progressive arrival of 100,000,000+ electrified vehicles (of all sizes) in USA and Canada will justify those developments.
After All-In-One (AIO) computers; this is an AIO modular driverless EV usable as a mini-bus for people, mini-truck for cargo and mini-EV for commercial/private users etc etc. It may sound a bit Star-Trek but it is as great idea and a possible solution to near future transportation. Two (2) similar 12/15 passenger driverless mini-buses have been put in operation on a limited 1.6 Km route in Montreal, QC as a free service.
That could be a strong possibility but major usable waste producers (mid-large cities) have to be equipped with Enerkem (or similar) facilities (like Calgary, Alberta). The end products could be (mostly) sold/used locally? Waste-to gas-liquid-electricity is a win-win solution but people devoted to lower cost will resist.
Electrified trucks/buses (with batteries + FCs) will solve this problem at a competitive (total) cost by 2030 or so. Meanwhile, improved exhaust filters on all old/new diesel trucks/buse/LVs should be compulsory. Builders/owners/users should be given a 5 year grace period to fully comply.