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HarveyD
Canada
Learning
Interests: Electrified vehicles, REs
Recent Activity
Gasoline and diesel oil are major pollutants, have to be imported (in most countries), transported as crude, refine, transported again to distributing stations and burn in polluting ICEs, PHEVs and HEVs. This process may be efficient due to crude very low cost but too polluting for all of us. H2 from excess/surplus REs, water and new high efficient electrolizers installed at main/sub H2 stations and used in efficient FCEVs and/or fixed FCs would create a lot less pollution, specially when sub-stations are converted to main stations and very little H2 would have to be transported. Current rail road power/traction units could be converted with large FCs to reduce noise and pollution. The same main H2 stations could be used for locomotive, trucks and buses.
T-P: Toyotas HEVs may be complicated but our three units have been in use for almost 4 years without a single problem. They are highly recommended.
An ultra thin, ultra resistant Gorilla III (or the next generation Gorilla IV) glass cover helps. Reducing local dust and other particle sources may be the final solution?
This could quickly become one of the solution for lower cost, cleaner-quieter public transport for city core areas.
DT is not buying e-buses, cities are? Our provincial government is paying 90+% of all city buses (including e-buses) and we have only 3 e-buses in operation. Our cities are not moving very fast. However, we have a huge surplus of clean low cost hydro but not the will to use it.
Average FCEV fills with 5 Kg of H2 every 10 days or so. If a large H2 carrier (truck) can carry 2,000 Kgs of H2, it could fill 400 FCEVs per load. One such H2 carrier could supply enough H2 for an average H2 sub-station or enough home delivered H2 for (400 x 10 = 4,000) FCEVs. Heating oil has been delivered that way for decades. H2 sub-stations and home deliveries would normally be within or under 50 Km from the main H2 station. H2 delivery would NOT be a major problem.
We are trying to find the right time and the best way to exchange our three (3) excellent 45 mpg Toyota HEVs with improved 55+ mpg HEVs or 100+ mpge FCEVs and or a the best mix of both. The availability and non-availability of charging units and H2 stations will have to be fully considered. The new (2018) Toyota Camry 55+ mpg Hybrid (and other similar HEVs) will be on the short list.
A hand to China with 170,000 e-buses on a world total of 173,000 units (over 98%). We have a lot of catching up to do?
Another future potential way to produce much lower cost solar H2 and electricity?
Norway is an exception...i.e. a country with plenty of oil and gas... and the highest usage of electrified vehicles. USA and Canada, and many other countries with a good supply of low cost oil and gas, will or may not switch over as fast or much before 2050-2060? Much better, lower cost batteries (800 to 1,000 Wh/Kg at well under $100/kWh) and improved FCs + electrolyzers; and H2 at under $3/Kg may provoke an acceleration, by 2030 or so. More climate changes are required to convince the majority to do away with fossil fuel burning.
Terrific win-win solution to improved A/C engine performance, increase power, reduce fuel consumption, reduce pollution and lower weight. Will major jet engine manufacturers apply this technology and pay requested royalties?
A 52 mpg excellent Camry Hybrid (2X better than the national fleet average) will be an excellent seller?
With some 3,000+ new energy buses in operation, Wuzhoulong may be the world leader for many years? This improved unit will help to keep it there.
Another hand to California for leading in the installation of the first 100 H2 station early thin network. Another 100+ H2 stations (by 2020 or so) will make life easier for all FCEV users in California, including for heavier FC vehicles such as SUVs, trucks and buses. FCEVs manufacturers (Toyota, Honda, Hyundai and others) could contribute with the next 300+ H2 stations.
The number of parts and regulations for small cars are much the same as for larger SUVs, that is what is driving the cost upward (if your are using costly robots and/or labour). Where labour cost is lower, like in China and Mexico, robots can be built, installed, operated and repaired at lower cost.
H2 carrier (trucks) will become mobile sub H2 stations to better accommodate FCEV users. Filling your FCEV directly from H2 carrier trucks will reduce trips to main H2 stations. Alternatively, getting H2 delivered home 'on demand' will also become a possibility. Unlike for BEVs/PHEVs, you will not have to drive to a quick charge station nor have to wait 30+ minutes for as regular charge.
A smart small van equipped with heat pump and improved batteries and e-motor to improve range at little extra cost (if any)? A hand for Renault-Nissan?
This is not a large amount of $$$ but it could help to design and build: 1. Improved lower cost electrolysers to mass produce clean H2. 2. Improved compressors and very light containers for compressed H2. 3. Improved FCs for fixed usage and heavy trucks, buses and LDVs. If cities are serious, they could provide another $150M/year to further advance H2 technology development to reduce pollution created by heavy trucks, buses, suvs, pick-ups and to make better use of REs.
Russia has designed and will build (by 2019-2020) a new type of nonconventional helicopter. Will it be the one to buy?
Basically, it is all a matter of safety-security and cost per clean kWh energy produced/used. Even NPP contractors from China have to charge about $0.22/kWh and more. Buyers have to accept the responsibility for spent fuel disposal etc.
A plain fact that E-P has a hard time to assimilate is that: 1) cost of NPPs is going up year after year and is currently around $0.25/kWh and will soon reach $0.30/kWh and more.. 2) cost of REs (with essential storage) is going down year after year and is know less than half the cost of nuclear. So-Korea and France will close their NPPs.
These +++++ changes for near future Hyundai increased FCEV production is more than expected. All those improvements will take their FCEV to 500+ Km range, reducing average fills to every 10 days or so? All new H2 stations planned for California, Germany, China, Japan, S0-Korea etc will be more than required as early as 2018-2019? Many H2 stations will have to be installed.
Building small cars in USA is not economical. Labour is too costly and not productive enough. USA's car plants could build and export larger cars, SUVs and Pick-ups and import small cars from China-Mexico-Japan-Poland etc.
The H2 era has started in many places/countries and will grow as fast (or even faster) as the BEV era did in California for the last 10+ years. One H2 station per 100 x 100 Km (10,000 km2) to deserve 500 Km range FCEVs is a good early start? It will progressively go to one H2 sub-station per 10 x 10 Km (100 km2). Early H2 stations could become large feeder stations, to produce and feed sub-stations with H2, with trucks or pipelines? H2 trucks could become (simple/basic) mobile H2 sub-stations to move H2 from main stations to easy access delivery points, much the same way as gasoline/diesel is currently delivered.
Will the DP and Media people accuse VW of collusion with Russia?