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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
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You're welcome. Glad that helped!
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It is okay to write it that way, but it can sometimes be unclear. If you think your heading is unclear, you can certainly rewrite it to work around the problem. The exact rewording will vary case by case.
Toggle Commented 7 days ago on Lists, Part 6: Overview at APA Style Blog
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They are long, but that's okay! The first citation should use the name(s) exactly as they appear in the reference, so a reader can find them. Later citations can use an abbreviation (if defined the first time in text). See the Abbreviations section above for an example.
Toggle Commented Jul 15, 2016 on Group Authors at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Mario. The document appears to have two group authors: (a) European Indicators and Ranking Methodology for University Third Mission and (b) European Commission Lifelong Learning Programme. The names listed on the last two pages need not be included in your reference and citations.
Toggle Commented Jul 14, 2016 on Group Authors at APA Style Blog
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Good question. I can see how the personal communication citations would become distracting in that case. If each interview is neatly divided (i.e., participant quotes aren’t mixed together), the author might consider beginning each section with a statement about the interview (including the name of the participant); the personal communication citation could be included there along with the general statement about “all quotations in this section…” A footnote would be a similar approach but perhaps easier for the reader to miss. Either case would be a slight variance from the usual approach but for good reason. Because you note that this is a dissertation, the author should probably consult his or her advisor or dissertation committee before taking that approach, to be sure it will be approved.
Toggle Commented Jul 7, 2016 on APA Style for Citing Interviews at APA Style Blog
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Hi, simone. When the original source uses APA Style or another style with parenthetical citations, we recommend retaining the citations but not the original source's full references (see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/12/citations-within-quotations.html). However, because the citation style used in this case uses footnotes, if you kept them, it would potentially confuse readers, who would look for footnotes in your paper. So, remove the footnotes and otherwise treat the quote as you would any other direct quote. Because this particular quote replied on five different sources, you might provide that context in your introductory text, as in "Smith (2016) relied on a number of sources when concluding that ..." But, whether that is warranted and exactly how to word that is your choice.
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Sorry for the delay. Yes, you've got it.
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Hi, normgd557. Good question. The wording should be "as cited in" as per the p. 178 of the Publication Manual.
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Hi, Jean. Good question. The numerical designation is the correct way to do it.
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Hi, Heather. Right, you can follow Example 33. Because this document lists individual authors and suggests using them in their "suggested citation," I would use these three author names in your reference in this case.
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Good question! You don't have to include the time stamp, but you can: See http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/timestamps-for-audiovisual-materials-in-apa-style.html
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Hi, Tom. Section 6.27 (p. 184) of the Manual shows everything that should be included for authors and editors in references. Academic titles are not included. I hope that helps!
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Good question! Yes. Here's how: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2016/04/how-to-cite-a-blog-post-in-apa-style.html
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Hi, Julie. Great question. Yes, it would be the same. Just change "Blog comment" to "Comment" in the brackets.
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1) In the documentation for the construct itself, you can credit the sources. Also, are you including the measure in your paper (e.g., in an appendix)? If so, in your paper, you can refer to Appendix A, for example, and in that appendix, you can include a citation to the book source. If you are not including the measure in your paper, you can still mention that you created the measure based on the construct in the book and cite/reference that book in your paper. 2) These two posts should help you cite that site: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/11/how-to-cite-something-you-found-on-a-website-in-apa-style.html and http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/09/group-authors.html
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Interesting question. Please note that we've slightly edited your example to retain the question without the expletive word. This would not be a problem for a Ted Talk, but might happen for other YouTube videos. If you really wanted to cite that source, yes, you would need to include the name. You might, however, decide to track down another source, either from the television station or from the expert, or to forgo including the source, if you did not want to include the source because of the username.
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Hi, Aileen. That is sometimes difficult to determine. If all the author names are included, I would recommend using just the names in the reference. If you want to use the name of the group, you can do so in text. For example, "The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group found that... (Herman et al., 2016)."
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Good question. Avoid back-to-back parentheses. For examples, see "How do I present an abbreviation in conjunction with an in-text citation?" at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2015/10/an-abbreviations-faq.html#Q4
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Hi, fitz. Yes, each reference should appear just once in the list. Please look at the sample APA Style papers available at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2015/09/best-of-the-apa-style-blog-2015-edition.html for examples.
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Hi, Chimene. Is this a map or presentation you created using that site? If so, like other figures you might create and use in a paper, you would include it as a figure (with acknowledgement in the caption if you've used data from other sources).
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Hi, Andrew. Thanks for writing. Per the Manual, quotation marks are used "to set off the title of an article or chapter in a periodical or book when the title is mentioned in text" (p. 91). See also examples on page 200 (Example 9, where the title is used in the citation because there is no author) and page 201 (second bullet under Example 12). This blog post also has examples: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/03/how-to-capitalize-and-format-reference-titles-in-apa-style.html.
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Good question. When words are used as linguistic examples, they should be italicized. For example, "He clarified the distinction between farther and further." Thus, in your case, you would have To illustrate this, if the question was "At what time does your shop close?" shopkeepers often started their answer with at as well (e.g. “At five o’clock”). It is not required, but you might consider adding "the word" to be sure this is clear: To illustrate this, if the question was "At what time does your shop close?" shopkeepers often started their answer with the word at as well (e.g. “At five o’clock”).
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Hi, Loes. For instructions to participants, we recommend using quotation marks, so I would recommend using them in this case as well. You can capitalize the first letter. For example, Participant A read the sentence "A long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away." Can you provide an example for your last point?
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This post will help: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/08/lets-talk-about-research-participants.html
Toggle Commented May 1, 2016 on How to Format an Epigraph at APA Style Blog
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See the section in this post title "Citing the Teacher’s PowerPoint File or Other Materials." If the MOOC materials are accessible to anyone, they can be cited. This should help: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/11/how-to-cite-something-you-found-on-a-website-in-apa-style.html
Toggle Commented Apr 26, 2016 on How to Cite a Class in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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