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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
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Good question! For the reference, we leave out the volume, issue, and page range because, as you note, they are subject to change. You can find an example at http://on.apa.org/2oQTigM. For the in-text citation, treat this as you would other publications without page numbers ("How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers" in the post above).
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Hi. Apologies for the delay. Yes, you have it right.
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Good question. I would recommend asking the journal's editorial office what they recommend.
Toggle Commented Nov 8, 2017 on You Can Quote Me on This at APA Style Blog
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We do not. As with any quote, the author should consider whether the quotation is necessary. If quoting, the quote should be exact.
Toggle Commented Nov 8, 2017 on You Can Quote Me on This at APA Style Blog
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Thanks, Rupert! The scale information need not be included in the APA Style reference.
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The guideline is to include an issue number when the journal is paginated by issue (begins each issue with page 1). For more details, see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/10/how-to-determine-whether-a-periodical-is-paginated-by-issue.html.
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Good question! See the "In-Text Citations of Direct Quotations" section of this post.
Toggle Commented Oct 18, 2017 on Almost Published at APA Style Blog
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Happy to help! I note the page number for future readers, as we have heard that people find the questions and answers here in the comments just as helpful as the original posts sometimes.
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normgd557, Good question. You can find this on p. 184 of the Publication Manual (in the 6th bullet). In the reference, after the author names include "(with Surname, A. A.)" but do not include these names in the in-text citation.
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That is a good question! I think that's slightly different. If the content of the artwork was always changing (as I imagine some online artwork may), the retrieval date would be important. However, what you describe is not a change to the content but to the availability, which is of course an issue for any online source. In the reference, you're providing the URL of the page where your source document was found at the time you relied on it; if a reader clicks that link later (the next day or 10 years hence), it may or may not work. We ask authors to do their best to provide a working URL, but broken links are an inevitability over time.
Toggle Commented Sep 29, 2017 on How to Cite Wikipedia in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Good question. Yes, include the title exactly as given, and use the usual sentence case guidelines: How culture drives behaviours | Julien S. Bourrelle | TEDxTrondheim
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by Timothy McAdoo In the Publication Manual and in many, many blog posts here, we refer to both references and citations. If you are new to writing with APA Style, you might wonder “What’s the difference?” Like this apple and... Continue reading
Posted Sep 20, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Ideally you would include the rest of the sentence. Omitting the part after the comma risks altering the meaning, and the user won't know it is gone unless you include the ending comma (which might look like a mistake) or include four periods (to show the missing text plus an ending period); see also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/04/ellipseswhen-and-how.html.
Toggle Commented Sep 8, 2017 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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normgd557, It's up to you. Citing the full page gives an interested reader more context but it might make it harder for the reader to find the exact image in question, as there are many on that page. Either one would make an accurate reference. I assume in the first example you meant to include a complete URL?
Toggle Commented Sep 8, 2017 on There's an Art to It at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Hani. This post about block quotations has what you need. The second and subsequent paragraphs should be indented but should not include extra spaces before and after. See Example 5 in the document attached to that blog post.
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Thanks. Right, what you are relating is a personal communication. And, if "reason Z" refers to an article, book, or other source, it would make sense to include "as cited in."
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Happy to help. Can you give an example?
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Thanks, Jack. We posted about the new DOI guidelines here: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2017/03/doi-display-guidelines-update-march-2017.html
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Hi, Kathleena, You can find this on page 182 of the Publication Manual (third bullet under "Order of several works by the same first author"): Arrange the works alphabetically by the surnames of the second authors. So, for your example, Volkert, V. M., Piazza, C. C., & Ray-Price, R. (2016). ... Volkert, V. M., & Vaz, P. C. (2010). ... You can find a similar example in this sample APA Style paper (see the "Carstensen" references that begin on p. 17 of that paper).
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Hi, Bill. Exactly right! Research builds upon earlier research. There are multiple approaches you can take to this, depending on how many sources you mean and the particulars of your writing, the topic, and your audience. Generally, one should cite the source or sources you are able to find and read. If you are able to find several that make the same point, you can choose the sources that are most relevant to the point you are making and/or that support the idea most directly or clearly. If you can find a clear originator for the idea, it may be best to quote or paraphrase that source, but some ideas may be too general for that approach to work. Or, if a particular quotation is worth including, you might include (and cite) it, but then also acknowledge that many others have come to the same conclusion by writing something like "... found by many researchers (e.g., Lin, 1999; Tapp, 2010; Zimbardo, 2017)." Or, you might just paraphrase the idea yourself and include several relevant citations.
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ISeetal, Good questions! Named activities (e.g., the Periodic table activity), proper nouns (e.g., she had a doll called the Bobo Doll), and categories (e.g., placed in the category engagement) need not be italicized.
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Hi, wendy. Great question. Yes, you can omit the callout to an endnote.
Toggle Commented Jul 5, 2017 on How to Cite Direct Quotations at APA Style Blog
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Page 172 of the Publication Manual specifies that “Except as noted here and in sections 6.07 and 6.08, the quotation must follow the wording, spelling, and interior punctuation of the original source, even if the source is incorrect.” You can insert words with brackets (see page 173 of the manual for an example). However, the manual recommends doing so when the quotation needs “an addition or explanation” needed to provide your reader with context. We recommend using [sic] to note errors.
Toggle Commented Jul 5, 2017 on You Can Quote Me on This at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Geoff. Good question! "human-service-related position" is correct. Or, if you prefer to avoid the hyphens, you could change to "a position related to human service" or something similar.
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Hi, Rose. Thanks for these comments. You're certainly correct that "considerable space saved and cumbersome repetition avoided" is a judgment call. But, as an example, let's say you used the phrase "self-actualized individual" four times in a paper (twice in the first paragraph, once again on page 20, and a final time on page 30). Introducing an abbreviated version (SAI) and using it that just three times is something you could do, but it doesn't necessarily save space or avoid cumbersome repetition. And, when the readers get to page 20, they may have to go back to page 1 to refresh their memories about what SAI stands for. On the other hand, if your manuscript is about that topic, and "self-actualized individual" appears multiple times per page, throughout all 30 pages, using "SAI" probably helps the reader. Even so, it's a judgment call, and one author/reviewer/editor may make a different call than the next. That's just one example, but I hope it helps. You might also find this post useful: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/08/the-flexibility-of-apa-style.html
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