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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
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I can see your point. For the book's title, for instance, we want the reference to exactly reflect what is shown in the published book. However, for the location, we recommend including the state, even in that circumstance.
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Great question! We order them as you have shown, alphabetizing letter by letter and considering only the visible names. The guidance to "alphabetize letter by letter" is on p. 181, but the case you present here is not directly addressed.
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Hi, Elijeshca. You are on the right track! You're right that we recommend including any kind of identifying number (see first bullet in 7.03) that has been assigned to the report, as that might help your readers find the document at a later date. Just a few changes are needed in your reference. The title should be in sentence case, and the retrieval date is not needed. That is, you can follow Example 31, replacing the wording with yours: United Nations. (2018). World economic situation and prospects 2018 (Sales No. E.18.II.C.2). Retrieved from https://www.un.org/development/desa/dpad/wp-content/uploads/sites/45/publication/WESP2018_Full_Web.pdf
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Good question! We use parentheses for lettered lists only (see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/lists-part-4-numbered-lists.html for examples of numbered lists). We don't have guidelines for how to refer to items on the list. You might refer to them based on the content, if that would be clear. Or, if it's more clear to refer to them by numbers, you might discuss them as "Item 1," "Item 2," and so on. For example, "As noted in Item 3, ..." The word "Item" might be something else, depending on the context. For example, "As noted earlier, Participant 3 found that.." Whatever word is there should be capitalized to follow our guideline of capitalizing words "followed by numerals or letters that denote a specific place in a numbered series" (p. 103 of the Manual).
Toggle Commented Aug 6, 2018 on Lists, Part 6: Overview at APA Style Blog
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Good question! That's unusual, but you're on the right track. We would abbreviate "part" to "Pt." (see list on p. 180 of the Manual: Logue, H. (2012). Why naïve realism? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 112(2, Pt. 2), 211–237.
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Good question. We recommend following the most current guidelines whenever possible. That is, https://doi.org/10.1037/arc0000014 We would not recommend making links of the "doi:" format.
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Thanks! That is an interesting example. Looking at the cover and also some introductory text, it appears that the 8th edition of the book just has two authors now instead of one. That is Dr. Needlman has used Dr. Spock's original words but updated them, so the end result is a book with words by both. Both are credited on the cover, so the end result is Spock, B., & Needlman, R. (2004). Dr. Spock's baby and child care (8th ed.). New York, NY: Pocket Books.
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Hi, Christina. Yes, your example looks fine.
Toggle Commented Jul 16, 2018 on Lists, Part 6: Overview at APA Style Blog
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If the PowerPoint is retrievable online, then create the reference using the template shown at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/11/how-to-cite-something-you-found-on-a-website-in-apa-style.html. If you cite the text of the slide, you can include something like "Slide 5" with your citation (see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/11/how-to-cite-part-of-a-work.html). Or, if you cite an audio portion, then you can use a time stamp (see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/timestamps-for-audiovisual-materials-in-apa-style.html).
Toggle Commented Jul 6, 2018 on How to Cite a Class in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Happy to help! Yes, do capitalize the names of subscales when they have official names. (For example, if a test says that "the first subscale measures students' expectations," that's different than if the test says that the first subscale "is the Expectations scale.") See also the "MMPI Depression scale" example on page 103 of the Publication Manual.
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Good question. Yes, put those references in the reference list, too. The citation will appear in the footnote just as it would in text. The font size for footnotes in a manuscript does not differ from the regular text (see also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/03/fonts-of-knowledge.html).
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Hi. Good questions. Yes, the guidance about SurveyMonkey still applies. The URL is needed only the first time of a general mention. If later mentions are the same, you don't need to include the URL each time.
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Right. You can see examples at the bottom of the following post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/01/alphabetizing-in-press-and-no-date-references.html
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No, count only the words you are quoting.
Toggle Commented Apr 16, 2018 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Hi, NorKnightSSmith. Chelsea replied in the post about tables, but for other readers wondering: Follow the usual formatting guidelines for quotations (see Block Quotations in APA Style and How to Cite Direct Quotations) when they appear in a table or a figure.
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Sorry for the delay. No, when a DOI is available, we recommend including only the DOI. In that example, though, the DOI is not shown on the page (or the PDF), as far as I could tell. An author would probably use the URL because he or she wouldn't have a way to know that a DOI exists.
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"In 2015, the..." is fine. You can find an example in the paragraph that begins "Alternatively" on page 171 of the Publication Manual.
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Yes, we generally recommend spelling out dates in most cases: April 3, 2013. In a table, you might make an exception to this guideline if you have many dates to compare and/or for space considerations. Just use your judgement on whether the readers will benefit most from the shortened or spelled-out version.
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You can find examples of block quote formatting at the end of http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/06/block-quotations-in-apa-style.html.
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In-text citations always match the author(s) and date of the reference. And, when authors and dates match, the letters are appended to the date (see the last green box at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/01/alphabetizing-in-press-and-no-date-references.html).
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Right! If you quote from Corra, Hal, Paolo, and El-Ross, include the citations in that quote.
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Good question. There's no one right answer, but if you put the citation after the last bullet, it may be unclear that the citation refers to the entire list (vs. just the last item). For that reason, I would put it as the lead in.
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That seems fine. Use the same number of decimal places as you did for other percentages in the table. So, <1.0 is correct if your other percentages are 4.5%, for example. If they are all rounded to whole numbers, then <1 would be correct.
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Great question. The Manual doesn't exactly cover that, and I think you could make an argument either way. Just be consistent, of course. However, because I think the intent of the block quote formatting is to make the long text reader friendly, I would count the bracketed text toward the word limit. That is, I would count your example as 41 words and format as a block quote.
Toggle Commented Jan 24, 2018 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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When references have the same author (or authors) and the same year, the letters a, b, c, etc., are added to the year. They are alphabetized by title (see also http://on.apa.org/2gPqNOD). Crabtree, S. (2018a, January 22). Global productivity hinges on human capital development [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://news.gallup.com/opinion/gallup/225752/global-productivity-hinges-human-capital-development.aspx Crabtree, S. (2018b, January 22). Untapped human capital is the net great global resource [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://news.gallup.com/opinion/gallup/225725/untapped-human-capital-next-great-global-resource.aspx
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