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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
Recent Activity
Satyagraha, Great question. We recommend using the name as given in the original research - this increases the odds that a later reader will be able to find the work based on your reference. As for how you would format it: That exact example is not in the Manual, so use your best judgment. The Manual does advise, "check with the author for the preferred form or consult the author's previous publication for the commonly used form."
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Hi, Andrea. Just to be clear. To cite a Wikipedia entry, see this post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/10/how-to-cite-wikipedia-in-apa-style.html If I understand your more general question correctly, the answer is that if you rely on both the original and the updated article, you should include separate references for each. If, however, you've only relied on the updated version, for example, you would create one reference--to that updated article.
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For numbered lists, see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/lists-part-4-numbered-lists.html In APA Style, lists should be double-spaced. However, sometimes teacher guidelines and/or university guidelines vary from APA Style, so consider discussing with your teacher or advisor.
Toggle Commented Jul 31, 2014 on Lists, Part 5: Bulleted Lists at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Julius, You can just quote the interviewees from your own appendix. I think this post will have everything you need: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/08/lets-talk-about-research-participants.html (see also the "What About Research Interviews?" section of this post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/10/what-belongs-in-the-reference-list.html)
Toggle Commented Jul 30, 2014 on APA Style for Citing Interviews at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Lisajpeters. Either format for DOIs is fine. Our most recent post has everything you need to know! http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/07/how-to-use-the-new-doi-format-in-apa-style.html
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Hi, AlexisAndOonagh. Can you let me know where you are seeing that? Page 210 of the Manual says "Do italicize the title of a data set" in the second bullet in the "Data Sets, Software, Measurement Instruments, and Apparatus" section.
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Hi, Chantelle. Great question! This post should have everything you need: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/08/lets-talk-about-research-participants.html (see also the "What About Research Interviews?" section of this post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/10/what-belongs-in-the-reference-list.html)
Toggle Commented Jul 28, 2014 on APA Style for Citing Interviews at APA Style Blog
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This post should help. If you have further questions on that topic, please feel free to add more in the comments there.
Toggle Commented Jul 24, 2014 on Lists, Part 3: Lowercase Letters at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Curious1. In APA Style, letters are used for a list within a sentence. You can also see examples on p. 64 of the Manual. For numbered lists, see this post.
Toggle Commented Jul 24, 2014 on Lists, Part 3: Lowercase Letters at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Tracey. If you're citing just one article, the reference will not include information about the special issue or special section. Only in those rare cases where you are citing the entire issue or entire section will you need the extra information. I hope that helps!
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Again, there's no "right" or "wrong" way here, but your solution seems very clear to me.
Toggle Commented Jul 16, 2014 on Lists, Part 3: Lowercase Letters at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Cricket. There is no "rule," but I would not recommend that. Generally, if you refer to Group A, you will have defined that more clearly in the text. For example "Group A consisted of..."
Toggle Commented Jul 16, 2014 on Lists, Part 3: Lowercase Letters at APA Style Blog
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Thanks, Rebecca. As you note, the Manual shows both examples. Have you asked your professor to look at the case on p. 93? You might also be interested in this post.
Toggle Commented Jul 14, 2014 on Lists, Part 3: Lowercase Letters at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Igor. This is not addressed specifically in the Manual. You might consider using the format shown above, but replacing "Suppl. 2" with the supplement's name. Does the supplement you have in mind have multiple articles? Or is it all written by the same author(s)? If the latter, you might use the format shown in Example 15 on p. 201 of the Manual. We'll be able to provide a better answer if you send us the exact details. You can write us at the contact email found here: http://www.apastyle.org/contact.aspx
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Hi, Ilya. Everything you need to know is answered in this post.
Toggle Commented Jul 14, 2014 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Rebecca. You are quite correct that the Manual gives both examples. Noting the quantity before the list is not required for APA Style. However, teachers often have their own guidelines that vary from APA Style.
Toggle Commented Jul 14, 2014 on Lists, Part 3: Lowercase Letters at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Kevin. If the original material included double quotes, use them. See Example 1 in this PDF.
Toggle Commented Jul 2, 2014 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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In APA Style, lists should be double-spaced. However, sometimes teacher guidelines and/or university guidelines vary from APA Style, so consider discussing with your teacher or advisor.
Toggle Commented Jun 16, 2014 on Lists, Part 5: Bulleted Lists at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Kyle. Good question. No: Even though the test name includes the author's name, you don't have to include a year citation every time.
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Hi, Jorge. We abbreviate as "Suppl." (see p. 180), so the reference would be Vahey, D. C., Aiken, L. H., Sloane, D. M., Clarke, S. P., & Vargas, D. (2004). Nurse burnout and patient satisfaction. Medical Care, 42(Suppl. 2), II57—II66. doi:10.1097/01.mlr.0000109126.50398.5a
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Hi, Brandee. You are exactly right. You can see similar cases in the templates at the top of p. 203 in the Manual.
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Hi, Jim. Good question. If I understand you correctly -- yes, you can change the layout and visual formatting, as long as you don't alter the words used.
Toggle Commented May 27, 2014 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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The translated title should appear in brackets []. You can find an example at the top of p. 205 of the Manual (the bullet underneath that example applies to your reference).
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Exactly. Glad to help. ;)
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Hi, Lan. Great question about citing "common knowledge." In your example, you've learned new information from a variety of sources, so you can cite them as your sources (i.e., even though there may be many, many great sources on this topic, you've used specific sources that can be cited. The reader can, if he or she wishes, look at those sources to find or verify information). To your first question, we don't have a rule for how often to include citations. It's important that you clarify where you are paraphrasing, so a reader will not mistake someone's words or ideas for your own. How you do that is up to you, but you can see the examples above and also in When to Include the Year in Citations Appearing More Than Once in a Paragraph .
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