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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
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Hi, Davina. It sounds like you're not adapting a figure but you are using data from another source. Just as you did in the text, you should cite your source for the data in a figure caption or table note. To your last question, it sounds like you may be talking about a table rather than a figure? You can find many examples of both tables and figures in Chapter 5 of the Manual. See also our sample paper: http://bit.ly/APAStyle-sample-paper
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You can see an example of the format for the personal communication in the Provide a Reliable Path to the Source section of http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/10/what-belongs-in-the-reference-list.html
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Hi, Ellie. You can use the template from the first green box in this post.
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Hi, Priscilla. This post will help: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/intranet-intrigue.html
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Hi, Jana. Great question. Please use the terminology you and/or the individual you are writing about feel is most appropriate. This supplement to Chapter 3 of the Manual should help. See, in particular, the final paragraph: http://supp.apa.org/style/pubman-ch03.12.pdf
Toggle Commented May 11, 2015 on A Little Respect at APA Style Blog
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Yes, you can use short phrases, and they need not appear verbatim in your paper, though they often do. Do you have an example in mind?
Toggle Commented May 11, 2015 on Keywords in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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That would be "non-White." You can see an example of this use on page 75 in the Publication Manual. See also the general guideline on page 100, in Table 4.3 (use hyphens for compounds in which the base word is capitalized, e.g., "pro-Freudian").
Toggle Commented May 7, 2015 on Spelling Success in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Hi, amenez. Sorry for the late reply. Yes, italicize the word as it was in the original.
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Hi, Michael. That's a good point! For your own written words in your paper, the Publication Manual recommends using careful syntax, rather than italics, for emphasis. When providing a direct quote, though, you do sometimes want or need to emphasize the part of the quote that is most relevant. For those cases, we recommend using italics and adding "[emphasis added]" after the italicized portion. You can find the guideline for this on p. 173, in the "Adding emphasis" section, and an example on p. 92.
Toggle Commented May 6, 2015 on You Can Quote Me on This at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Caitlin. Good question. The citation should still appear after the period. So, ...carry forward strengths and positive experiences). (Author, year, p. #)
Toggle Commented Apr 30, 2015 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Hi, D. Great question! You don't need to include "[Report]" in the title. However, the manual notes (p. 186) that you can include nonroutine information in brackets when it "is important for identification and retrieval." (See also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/the-generic-reference-using-brackets.html) In this case, I would say "report" is unlikely to significantly help the user who tries to retrieve the document.
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Hi, Jule. Exercise and Sport Psychology is a proper noun, the name of the division, so all the words remain capitalized. It's usually a little easier to tell in a reference when that's the case. To your second question, some pages include publication dates and some do not. You should find this post helpful (including the questions/answers in the comments): http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/01/the-generic-reference-when.html
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Hi, Bruno. Yes, the "P" should still be capitalized. "(a) People live and die; (b) they laugh and cry; (c) they love some and hate others." is a complete clause. Note that I changed your numbers to letters. See http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/lists-part-3-lowercase-letters.html and http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/lists-part-4-numbered-lists.html for our recommendations on when to use letters or numbers for a list.
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You can use the templates in the "Social Media Page" section of this post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/how-to-cite-social-media-in-apa-style.html That would give you American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Home [LinkedIn page]. Retrieved April 17, 2015, from https://www.linkedin.com/company/american-psychological-association
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Hi, Olivia. Yes, I think you can cite the subchapter just as you would cite a chapter. Are each of the subchapters listed in a table of contents?
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Hi, Bruno. I agree. "People live and die; they laugh and cry; they love some and hate others." is one complete sentence. I would capitalize "People."
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by Timothy McAdoo (Note: Key terms are not the same as keywords, which appear under an abstract. For more about keywords, see my previous post.) In creative writing, italics are commonly used to emphasize a particular word, simulating the emphasis... Continue reading
Posted Apr 14, 2015 at APA Style Blog
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by Timothy McAdoo What are keywords? If you’ve searched PsycINFO, Google Scholar, or other databases, you’ve probably run across keywords. In APA Style articles, they appear just under the abstract. They are usually supplied by an article’s author(s), and they... Continue reading
Posted Apr 2, 2015 at APA Style Blog
Hi, Angela. Good question! On page 172, the Manual recommends citing a heading and the number of paragraphs following it, if possible. You may also find this recent post helpful: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2015/03/when-and-how-to-include-page-numbers-in-apa-style-citations.html
Toggle Commented Mar 30, 2015 on How to Cite Direct Quotations at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Maria. You've got it! Your Option 2 is correct.
Toggle Commented Mar 30, 2015 on How to Cite Direct Quotations at APA Style Blog
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Hi, David. In APA Style, lists should be double-spaced, regardless of the length. However, sometimes teacher guidelines and/or university guidelines vary from APA Style, so consider discussing with your teacher or advisor. For spacing after end punctuation, please see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/07/on-two-spaces-following-a-period.html
Toggle Commented Mar 30, 2015 on Lists, Part 5: Bulleted Lists at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Charlotte. If I understand your question correctly, I think the last bullet on p. 205 of the Manual helps: "identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author: Retrieved from Agency name website: http://www.xxxxxx" That is, using your example, you would have Government Author Name. (n.d.). Web page title. Retrieved from Agency name website: http://... I hope this helps! If not, please feel free to provide the exact URL, and I'll be happy to look at the specific page.
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Hi, Mary. You should include each source that you're quoting from or paraphrasing. Each in-text citation should have a matching reference.
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Right. I'm sorry about that confusion. Italicize the test's name when you are citing it directly or citing the database record for it (as shown in the examples). To clarify, the APA Style Guide to Electronic References includes additional examples that show a test or inventory from the web and from a database, and the names are italicized.
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Dr. Muthu, Thanks for writing. Most of these answers are detailed in full in the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.): 1. Figure captions appear under the figure. Tables have titles above the table but notes below. The complete details are too numerous to outline here. Please see pages 125–167 of the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) for details and examples. 2. Tables and figures are numbered sequentially but separately (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, and Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3). See section 5.05 of the Manual, beginning on page 127. 3. Tables should generally follow our guideline of double-spacing, but single or one-and-a-half spacing is acceptable if necessary (specified on p. 229 in Manual). 4. Because the Publication Manual provides guidelines for journal article manuscripts, it does not mention chapters. Dissertation guidelines vary by university (see also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/09/dear-professor.html). Many universities stipulate that chapters begin on new pages. 5. Because the Publication Manual provides guidelines for journal article manuscripts, its guidelines are for an author note: See pages 24–25 for a detailed description of each paragraph of the author note. I hope this helps!
Toggle Commented Mar 23, 2015 on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
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