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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
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Great question. The Manual doesn't exactly cover that, and I think you could make an argument either way. Just be consistent, of course. However, because I think the intent of the block quote formatting is to make the long text reader friendly, I would count the bracketed text toward the word limit. That is, I would count your example as 41 words and format as a block quote.
Toggle Commented 3 hours ago on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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When references have the same author (or authors) and the same year, the letters a, b, c, etc., are added to the year. They are alphabetized by title (see also http://on.apa.org/2gPqNOD). Crabtree, S. (2018a, January 22). Global productivity hinges on human capital development [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://news.gallup.com/opinion/gallup/225752/global-productivity-hinges-human-capital-development.aspx Crabtree, S. (2018b, January 22). Untapped human capital is the net great global resource [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://news.gallup.com/opinion/gallup/225725/untapped-human-capital-next-great-global-resource.aspx
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And, apologies for the late replies! Thanks for sticking with us! You can also send us queries at http://www.apastyle.org/contact.aspx.
Toggle Commented 7 days ago on Alphabetization in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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To your second example: "Buchwald" = "Buchwald" so you move on to comparing the initials. "A." = "A." so you move to the second initial. There, nothing precedes something so the missing second initial precedes the existing second initial "B." Buchwald, A., & Rapp, B. Buchwald, A. B., Rapp, B., & Stone, M. At any rate, as discussed in http://on.apa.org/2kItC5d, if Buchwald is the same author in both cases, you can order as though the "B." were showing: Buchwald, A., & Rapp, B. Buchwald, A. B., Rapp, B., & Stone, M. And if they are different people, you'll need to inclue the initials with the in-text citations, to help the reader know the difference, but also consider adding the first name, to clarify for the reader (see http://on.apa.org/2zcqxmN). I hope this helps!
Toggle Commented 7 days ago on Alphabetization in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Good question. Keep in mind that you are first attempting to alphabetize the surnames. That is, the initials need not be considered unless they are needed for disambiguation. So, as a first step, you are comparing "Adams" to "Brown" to "Browning" to "December," which of course would be Adams Brown Browning December (You *could* think of the "nothing" as the end of each name; that is, there is nothing after the "n" in "Brown").) Then, you consider the initials only when you need to, as in the case of Browning, A. R. and Browning, C. B.--having decided that "Browning" = "Browning" you then compare "A." to "C." and order accordingly.
Toggle Commented 7 days ago on Alphabetization in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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To your first question: Technically, yes that is correct. However, if "Loftus, E." and "Loftus, E. F." were two different authors, you might want to include their first names (and use those to alphabetize) to make this more clear (this is a very rarely needed case; see http://on.apa.org/2zcqxmN). To your second question: in that scenario is "Loftus, E." the same author or a different author from "Loftus, E. F."? If the same, the order would be Loftus, E. F. (2003). Loftus, E., & Ketcham, K. (1994). Loftus, E. F., Miller, D. G., & Burns, H. J. (1978). Loftus, E. F., & Pickrell, J. E. (1995). If different, the order would be determined by the first names (see point above).
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Thanks, Rodney. You are correct--"Robinson, C." comes before "Robinson, V. M." (for more detail, see http://on.apa.org/2jGVdme). Also, when alphabetizing, ignore "The," "A," or "An" at the beginning of a title, so the final result is Robinson, C., & Taylor, C. (2007). Theorizing ... Robinson, V. M. (2007a). The impact of leadership... Robinson, V. M. (2007b). School Leadership... Robinson, V. M., Hohepa, M., & Lloyd, C. (2009). School Leadership... Robinson, V. M., Lloyd, C. A., & Rowe, K. J. (2008). The Impact of Leadership...
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The indentation is the same (1 tab).
Toggle Commented Jan 2, 2018 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Good question. We do not add quotation marks or other formatting to names of theories (see examples at http://on.apa.org/2jCMqo7).
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We recommend using "e.g." when inside parentheses, so (see, e.g., Smith, 1999) is fine. I have seen that in published APA journal articles.
Toggle Commented Dec 19, 2017 on Changes Parentheses Bring at APA Style Blog
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Good question. The name of the blog is not included in the reference.
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Good question! For the reference, we leave out the volume, issue, and page range because, as you note, they are subject to change. You can find an example at http://on.apa.org/2oQTigM. For the in-text citation, treat this as you would other publications without page numbers ("How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers" in the post above).
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Hi. Apologies for the delay. Yes, you have it right.
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Good question. I would recommend asking the journal's editorial office what they recommend.
Toggle Commented Nov 8, 2017 on You Can Quote Me on This at APA Style Blog
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We do not. As with any quote, the author should consider whether the quotation is necessary. If quoting, the quote should be exact.
Toggle Commented Nov 8, 2017 on You Can Quote Me on This at APA Style Blog
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Thanks, Rupert! The scale information need not be included in the APA Style reference.
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The guideline is to include an issue number when the journal is paginated by issue (begins each issue with page 1). For more details, see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/10/how-to-determine-whether-a-periodical-is-paginated-by-issue.html.
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Good question! See the "In-Text Citations of Direct Quotations" section of this post.
Toggle Commented Oct 18, 2017 on Almost Published at APA Style Blog
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Happy to help! I note the page number for future readers, as we have heard that people find the questions and answers here in the comments just as helpful as the original posts sometimes.
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normgd557, Good question. You can find this on p. 184 of the Publication Manual (in the 6th bullet). In the reference, after the author names include "(with Surname, A. A.)" but do not include these names in the in-text citation.
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That is a good question! I think that's slightly different. If the content of the artwork was always changing (as I imagine some online artwork may), the retrieval date would be important. However, what you describe is not a change to the content but to the availability, which is of course an issue for any online source. In the reference, you're providing the URL of the page where your source document was found at the time you relied on it; if a reader clicks that link later (the next day or 10 years hence), it may or may not work. We ask authors to do their best to provide a working URL, but broken links are an inevitability over time.
Toggle Commented Sep 29, 2017 on How to Cite Wikipedia in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Good question. Yes, include the title exactly as given, and use the usual sentence case guidelines: How culture drives behaviours | Julien S. Bourrelle | TEDxTrondheim
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by Timothy McAdoo In the Publication Manual and in many, many blog posts here, we refer to both references and citations. If you are new to writing with APA Style, you might wonder “What’s the difference?” Like this apple and... Continue reading
Posted Sep 20, 2017 at APA Style Blog
Ideally you would include the rest of the sentence. Omitting the part after the comma risks altering the meaning, and the user won't know it is gone unless you include the ending comma (which might look like a mistake) or include four periods (to show the missing text plus an ending period); see also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/04/ellipseswhen-and-how.html.
Toggle Commented Sep 8, 2017 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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normgd557, It's up to you. Citing the full page gives an interested reader more context but it might make it harder for the reader to find the exact image in question, as there are many on that page. Either one would make an accurate reference. I assume in the first example you meant to include a complete URL?
Toggle Commented Sep 8, 2017 on There's an Art to It at APA Style Blog
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