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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
Recent Activity
Hi, Caitlin. Good question. The citation should still appear after the period. So, ...carry forward strengths and positive experiences). (Author, year, p. #)
Toggle Commented 3 days ago on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Hi, D. Great question! You don't need to include "[Report]" in the title. However, the manual notes (p. 186) that you can include nonroutine information in brackets when it "is important for identification and retrieval." (See also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/the-generic-reference-using-brackets.html) In this case, I would say "report" is unlikely to significantly help the user who tries to retrieve the document.
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Hi, Jule. Exercise and Sport Psychology is a proper noun, the name of the division, so all the words remain capitalized. It's usually a little easier to tell in a reference when that's the case. To your second question, some pages include publication dates and some do not. You should find this post helpful (including the questions/answers in the comments): http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/01/the-generic-reference-when.html
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Hi, Bruno. Yes, the "P" should still be capitalized. "(a) People live and die; (b) they laugh and cry; (c) they love some and hate others." is a complete clause. Note that I changed your numbers to letters. See http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/lists-part-3-lowercase-letters.html and http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/02/lists-part-4-numbered-lists.html for our recommendations on when to use letters or numbers for a list.
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You can use the templates in the "Social Media Page" section of this post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/how-to-cite-social-media-in-apa-style.html That would give you American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Home [LinkedIn page]. Retrieved April 17, 2015, from https://www.linkedin.com/company/american-psychological-association
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Hi, Olivia. Yes, I think you can cite the subchapter just as you would cite a chapter. Are each of the subchapters listed in a table of contents?
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Hi, Bruno. I agree. "People live and die; they laugh and cry; they love some and hate others." is one complete sentence. I would capitalize "People."
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by Timothy McAdoo (Note: Key terms are not the same as keywords, which appear under an abstract. For more about keywords, see my previous post.) In creative writing, italics are commonly used to emphasize a particular word, simulating the emphasis... Continue reading
Posted Apr 14, 2015 at APA Style Blog
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by Timothy McAdoo What are keywords? If you’ve searched PsycINFO, Google Scholar, or other databases, you’ve probably run across keywords. In APA Style articles, they appear just under the abstract. They are usually supplied by an article’s author(s), and they... Continue reading
Posted Apr 2, 2015 at APA Style Blog
Hi, Angela. Good question! On page 172, the Manual recommends citing a heading and the number of paragraphs following it, if possible. You may also find this recent post helpful: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2015/03/when-and-how-to-include-page-numbers-in-apa-style-citations.html
Toggle Commented Mar 30, 2015 on How to Cite Direct Quotations at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Maria. You've got it! Your Option 2 is correct.
Toggle Commented Mar 30, 2015 on How to Cite Direct Quotations at APA Style Blog
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Hi, David. In APA Style, lists should be double-spaced, regardless of the length. However, sometimes teacher guidelines and/or university guidelines vary from APA Style, so consider discussing with your teacher or advisor. For spacing after end punctuation, please see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/07/on-two-spaces-following-a-period.html
Toggle Commented Mar 30, 2015 on Lists, Part 5: Bulleted Lists at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Charlotte. If I understand your question correctly, I think the last bullet on p. 205 of the Manual helps: "identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author: Retrieved from Agency name website: http://www.xxxxxx" That is, using your example, you would have Government Author Name. (n.d.). Web page title. Retrieved from Agency name website: http://... I hope this helps! If not, please feel free to provide the exact URL, and I'll be happy to look at the specific page.
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Hi, Mary. You should include each source that you're quoting from or paraphrasing. Each in-text citation should have a matching reference.
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Right. I'm sorry about that confusion. Italicize the test's name when you are citing it directly or citing the database record for it (as shown in the examples). To clarify, the APA Style Guide to Electronic References includes additional examples that show a test or inventory from the web and from a database, and the names are italicized.
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Dr. Muthu, Thanks for writing. Most of these answers are detailed in full in the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.): 1. Figure captions appear under the figure. Tables have titles above the table but notes below. The complete details are too numerous to outline here. Please see pages 125–167 of the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) for details and examples. 2. Tables and figures are numbered sequentially but separately (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, and Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3). See section 5.05 of the Manual, beginning on page 127. 3. Tables should generally follow our guideline of double-spacing, but single or one-and-a-half spacing is acceptable if necessary (specified on p. 229 in Manual). 4. Because the Publication Manual provides guidelines for journal article manuscripts, it does not mention chapters. Dissertation guidelines vary by university (see also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/09/dear-professor.html). Many universities stipulate that chapters begin on new pages. 5. Because the Publication Manual provides guidelines for journal article manuscripts, its guidelines are for an author note: See pages 24–25 for a detailed description of each paragraph of the author note. I hope this helps!
Toggle Commented Mar 23, 2015 on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Jonathan. No, we don't have any rule or guidelines for that. Each author needs to decide whether a list clarifies his or her writing in a given situation.
Toggle Commented Mar 19, 2015 on Lists, Part 6: Overview at APA Style Blog
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garryeri, Yes, feel free to use an edition number if a version number is not available. To quote from a game, create the reference as noted above. I would also recommend that you provide some context, if applicable: Does the quote occur only after a particular event occurs? Is it spoken by a character or presented on screen? etc.
Toggle Commented Mar 19, 2015 on How to Cite Software in APA Style at APA Style Blog
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Rjanyk, Thanks for writing. To cite APA Style references in the text, use the information in the first ("who") position of the reference and the date. You can find examples here: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/01/writing-in-text-citations-in-apa-style.html
Toggle Commented Mar 18, 2015 on APA Style for Citing Interviews at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Garima. If you can find and read the Black and William article, it's preferable to cite their work directly. When necessary to cite a secondary source, use the "as cited in" format, which you can find described at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/05/secondary-sources-aka-how-to-cite-a-source-you-found-in-another-source.html
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Hi, Gloria. Determining the authorship of technical, governmental, and other reports can be difficult. You may have one or more group authors. If you can reply with a link, I can take a look at the document. Or, feel free to write us with complete details at http://www.apastyle.org/contact.aspx
Toggle Commented Mar 13, 2015 on The Frankenreference at APA Style Blog
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Thanks for the clarification. One figure can certainly contain multiple images, depending on their size, of course. See, for example, the figure on p. 164 of the Manual. If you combine all three images into one figure, you'll only need one figure caption. In either case, you won't need brackets, though, if you use the template on p. 38.
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Hi, Pablo. Each image would likely need to be a separate figure, and the permission line for each figure should be placed in the caption. You can find a copyright permission footnote on page 38 of the Manual and in examples on pages 152-160.
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Hi, Jamie. Your understanding of APA Style for figures in a manuscript is correct. You can find that detailed on pp. 127-129, 5.05 "Table and Figure Numbers." But note that the Manual's guidelines are for authors submitting a manuscript for publication. We do not have guidelines for dissertations, specifically. And, universities often have their own guidelines that vary from and adapt APA Style guidelines. Ask your library or advisor if you need help finding those. Those may clarify and you may also need to work with your advisor and/or committee on any final details.
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Laxsh, Good question. The reader should be able to understand tables and figures apart from the text. Define the abbreviations in the table note. You might also spell out a word, if you have room in the table, if the abbreviation would appear only once in the table.
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