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Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
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Hi, Niki. No, The Manual does not state a preference for one over the other. Both can be used effectively. The important thing is making clear when words or ideas are those of another author. For more, see the plagiarism paragraph on pages 15-16 of the Manual.
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Hi, Rodney, Good question. Yes, we use numerals for numbers that represent time (see p. 112), so "2 decades" or "2 centuries." But your timing (pun intended) is excellent. See our latest post for a related point about approximations of time: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/12/how-to-present-definite-numbers-and-estimations.html
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Hi, again! It looks like the phrase is being used a proper noun, so it would be capitalized.
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Hi, Ryan. Good question! We don't have a reference style specific to such custom books, but you can adapt the edited book format. To create a reference to the entire book, you can follow the template for an edited book shown on p. 202 of the Manual, listing yourself as the editor. To reference any of the individual chapters, you can follow the last three templates shown on that page. I would suggest adding "[Custom textbook]" after the title, as this might be "important for indentification and retrieval," as noted on p. 186 of the Manual. I hope that helps!
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The layout of the Manual is different from the layout of a manuscript or a paper. We do not recommend numbering headings in a manuscript or paper. This example and this sample paper should help!
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Good questions! 1) You can cite the source of the information in the table note. 2) See p. 127 in the Manual: "Number all tables and figures with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are first mentioned in text." That is, if you have three tables, they will be Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3, in order, no matter what heading they fall under.
Toggle Commented 7 days ago on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Amy. It sounds like you are creating a word table. You can find an example layout for such a table on p. 149 of the Manual. That should help! (Note also that p. 141 says "Tables may be submitted either single- or double-spaced. Consider the readability of the table during the review process in making your decision.") In that example table, the text is aligned to the top left.
Toggle Commented Dec 10, 2014 on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Hugo. I'm happy to help. I'm not sure I know what you are trying to cite, however. If you are citing the article "Decreasing pain catastrophizing by an optimism Intervention" this is the DOI: 10.1016/S1090-3801(09)60422-5 You can find the format for the reference at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/07/how-to-use-the-new-doi-format-in-apa-style.html
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Hi, joelsky, Good question. For our style, you can provide a reference for each chapter you used. You won't need to provide a separate reference for the entire book as a whole, though. For an anthology, you might also want to see the "Work in an Anthology Citation" of this post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/09/how-to-cite-an-anthology-or-collected-works.html. That said, teachers and universities vary from our style sometimes. If your advisor has a different preference for handling this, feel free to follow his or her advice.
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Hi, Leonie. Whether you need to quote from the study depends on at least two things. First, do you think a quotation is necessary to make your points clear and/or to illustrate or emphasize points you are making? And, second, does the teacher who assigned this want (or not want) you to use quotations? For that second point, of course, you'll need to ask him or her. If you do decide to quote from the paper, these posts should help with the formatting: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/12/you-can-quote-me-on-this.html and http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/03/how-to-cite-direct-quotations.html. I hope this helps!
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Hi, Jana. I can see why that is confusing. Your reference should include Rogers, A. .... In H. Kirschenbaum & V. L. Henderson (Eds.)..." (i.e., follow either example in the Work in an Anthology Citation section in the post above). Your citation will also follow those examples. Without seeing the book myself, I'm making an assumption: Although the chapter appeared in the Kutash and Wolf book, if it was published in Jung's lifetime, there is an earlier "originally published" date to use in your reference. Does your book indicate what that date is? And, yes, you are correct to remove the italics from the titles within the title.
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Thanks! Exercise and Sport Psychology is a proper noun, the name of the division, so all the words remain capitalized. It's usually a little easier to tell in a reference when that's the case.
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Hi, Omar. If possible, transliterate the title. This post uses a movie reference as an example, but the same is true for other source materials: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/08/apples-to-%D7%AA%D7%A4%D7%97%D7%99%D7%9D.html
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Hi, Jessica. If the journal does not use issue numbers, just skip that in the reference.
Toggle Commented Dec 2, 2014 on Got Volume? at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Laxsh. Generally, we recommend not using any header before the first paragraph, as the beginning paragraph(s) are assumed to be introductory. This post will probably be helpful: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/04/how-to-use-five-levels-of-heading-in-an-apa-style-paper.html
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Hi, Aaron. Good question! It's important that you make clear to the readers any places that you are relying on other sources. In each paragraph, the first time an author's name appears in the narrative, include the year. Whenever the name appears parenthetically, the year should also be included. You can find examples on pp. 174-175 of the Manual.
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Note that in my example, I've used a timestamp. For more on that, see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/timestamps-for-audiovisual-materials-in-apa-style.html
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Hi, Keptquiet. You raise an interesting point. You can add any additional details in the text where you cite the video. For example, Gayatri Spivak noted that, "...." (Harvard University Press (2012, 3:01). Speeches are often handled the same way. See http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/10/how-to-cite-a-speech-in-apa-style.html
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Hi, CarlosL, The Manual does not address this. If you think your readers will need the translations in order to understand your content, then providing them is a good idea.
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This post shows an example: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/08/apples-to-%D7%AA%D7%A4%D7%97%D7%99%D7%9D.html
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Hi, Karina. APA Style for running heads is outlined in the post above and also at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/11/running-head-format-for-apa-style-papers-.html. You can also find examples in our sample papers: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/09/best-of-the-apa-style-blog-2014-edition.html However, universities and individual teachers often vary guidelines. If your teacher has told you how to format the paper, go with what he or she said! (See also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/05/my-professor-says.html)
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Hi, John. That certainly applies! Just follow the guidelines as noted above. That is, include the Stephanus numbers in parentheses.
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by Timothy McAdoo Sometimes one's research relies on a very narrow thread of the World Wide Web. What do I mean? We are sometimes asked how to cite multiple web pages from the same website. “Can’t I just cite the... Continue reading
Posted Nov 20, 2014 at APA Style Blog
You are on the right track! The template to follow can be found at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/08/formatting-apa-references-with-more-than-seven-authors.html. To use your example, you would have Hamilton, M. B., Kessler, J., Grant, J., Devor, G., Martin, J., Stoller, A. M., . . . American Psychological Association.
Toggle Commented Nov 20, 2014 on Group Authors at APA Style Blog
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Hi, Felipe. Good question. The title of the journal should be shown in the original language. You can find an example at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/12/citing-translated-works-in-apa-style.html.
Toggle Commented Nov 18, 2014 on Apples to תפוּחים at APA Style Blog
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