This is Timothy McAdoo's Typepad Profile.
Join Typepad and start following Timothy McAdoo's activity
Join Now!
Already a member? Sign In
Timothy McAdoo
Washington, DC
Trainer in APA Style and for APA PsycINFO databases. http://www.timothymcadoo.com
Recent Activity
Hi, D. If you can't determine the year, use "n.d." for "no date." Do you have an example?
1 reply
Good question. There are many ways you could explain a word. Your example looks great. See my comments above to determine whether you would want to italicize the word trichotomized (your choice).
1 reply
This post should help: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/09/how-to-cite-course-packs.html
1 reply
Hi, Griffin. You should cite only the works you've relied on. You can cite the medical journal article(s) you've quoted or paraphrased. If you're trying to cite words from a source you didn't read, you can use the "as cited in" wording shown in the example above (though see the "So when are secondary sources appropriate?" section above).
1 reply
If by "long quotes" you mean quotes of 40 or more words, then yes, you could put one block quote following another, but it might not be immediately clear to a reader that the source has changed. The format in your examples also isn't quite right, as the period would come before the parenthesis if this is meant to represent a block quote. It might be more clear to introduce the scholars before the quotations, either individually or both at once. For example, "Alice Smith and Mary Williams are leading scholars in the field X. Smith (2016) noted that ... " followed by the first block quote. See also Example 4 in the PDF available at the end of the post above.
Toggle Commented Aug 29, 2016 on Block Quotations in APA Style at APA Style Blog
1 reply
SWL: Good question! You have this right. The only change I would recommend is removing the commas around the word in your first case: In Russian, the word собака /sobaka/ means "dog."
1 reply
Hi, Matt. Thanks for writing. Yes, give the year of the first edition when it's mentioned in that sentence (and include a corresponding reference), and give the year of the second edition whenever you're citing it (again, with a corresponding reference). See also http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/03/citing-an-edition-of-a-book-in-apa-style.html
1 reply
Hi, Andrew. This looks fine.
1 reply
You can adapt the book chapter reference (see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/02/books-and-book-chapters-what-to-cite.html), so your reference would look something like this: Surname, A. (Producer). (2012, May 4). In L. C. Rissian (Executive Producer). Twelve parsecs [Audio podcast] (Episode 124). Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
Toggle Commented Aug 15, 2016 on How to Cite a Podcast at APA Style Blog
1 reply
Good question! The guidelines for crediting sources are the same throughout the paper. For an example, see Sample Paper 1 (available at http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2015/09/best-of-the-apa-style-blog-2015-edition.html), where you can find citations in the first paragraph.
1 reply
You should find this post helpful: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2016/06/navigating-copyright-how-to-cite-sources-in-a-table.html
Toggle Commented Aug 2, 2016 on Table Tips at APA Style Blog
1 reply
Hi, Pennita. Thanks for writing. References should be arranged alphabetically. For more, see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/05/alphabetization-in-apa-style.html or this sample paper: http://bit.ly/cd1ip3
1 reply
Hi, Mario. Chelsea wrote you earlier today.
1 reply
You're welcome. Glad that helped!
1 reply
It is okay to write it that way, but it can sometimes be unclear. If you think your heading is unclear, you can certainly rewrite it to work around the problem. The exact rewording will vary case by case.
Toggle Commented Jul 19, 2016 on Lists, Part 6: Overview at APA Style Blog
1 reply
They are long, but that's okay! The first citation should use the name(s) exactly as they appear in the reference, so a reader can find them. Later citations can use an abbreviation (if defined the first time in text). See the Abbreviations section above for an example.
Toggle Commented Jul 15, 2016 on Group Authors at APA Style Blog
1 reply
Hi, Mario. The document appears to have two group authors: (a) European Indicators and Ranking Methodology for University Third Mission and (b) European Commission Lifelong Learning Programme. The names listed on the last two pages need not be included in your reference and citations.
Toggle Commented Jul 14, 2016 on Group Authors at APA Style Blog
1 reply
Good question. I can see how the personal communication citations would become distracting in that case. If each interview is neatly divided (i.e., participant quotes aren’t mixed together), the author might consider beginning each section with a statement about the interview (including the name of the participant); the personal communication citation could be included there along with the general statement about “all quotations in this section…” A footnote would be a similar approach but perhaps easier for the reader to miss. Either case would be a slight variance from the usual approach but for good reason. Because you note that this is a dissertation, the author should probably consult his or her advisor or dissertation committee before taking that approach, to be sure it will be approved.
Toggle Commented Jul 7, 2016 on APA Style for Citing Interviews at APA Style Blog
1 reply
Hi, simone. When the original source uses APA Style or another style with parenthetical citations, we recommend retaining the citations but not the original source's full references (see http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/12/citations-within-quotations.html). However, because the citation style used in this case uses footnotes, if you kept them, it would potentially confuse readers, who would look for footnotes in your paper. So, remove the footnotes and otherwise treat the quote as you would any other direct quote. Because this particular quote replied on five different sources, you might provide that context in your introductory text, as in "Smith (2016) relied on a number of sources when concluding that ..." But, whether that is warranted and exactly how to word that is your choice.
1 reply
Sorry for the delay. Yes, you've got it.
1 reply
Hi, normgd557. Good question. The wording should be "as cited in" as per the p. 178 of the Publication Manual.
1 reply
Hi, Jean. Good question. The numerical designation is the correct way to do it.
1 reply
Hi, Heather. Right, you can follow Example 33. Because this document lists individual authors and suggests using them in their "suggested citation," I would use these three author names in your reference in this case.
1 reply
Good question! You don't have to include the time stamp, but you can: See http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/timestamps-for-audiovisual-materials-in-apa-style.html
1 reply
Hi, Tom. Section 6.27 (p. 184) of the Manual shows everything that should be included for authors and editors in references. Academic titles are not included. I hope that helps!
1 reply