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TomGriffin
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The Memorabilia (Greek: Ἀπομνημονεύματα, Apomnemoneumata) is a work by Xenophon, containing his reminiscences of Socrates. Continue reading
Posted Sep 20, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
On the Soul (Greek Περὶ Ψυχῆς, Perì Psūchês; Latin De Anima) is a work of Aristotle which examines the nature of the soul and its relation to the body, which Aristotle takes to be an instance of his more general distinction between matter and form. Continue reading
Posted Sep 19, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
On the Heavens (Greek: Περὶ οὐρανοῦ, Latin: De Caelo) is Aristotle's chief work on cosmology and astronomy. It remained a profound influence on later astronomical thinking until the early modern period. Continue reading
Posted Sep 18, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Poetics (Greek: Περὶ ποιητικῆς, Latin: De Poetica) is a treatise by Aristotle on literary theory. Like many of his other works, it exercised a formative influence on the discipline it examined up to the renaissance. Continue reading
Posted Sep 16, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Metaphysics is a key work of Aristotle, which gave its name to the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature of existence. Continue reading
Posted Sep 16, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
Seven Books of History Against the Pagans (Latin: Historiarum Adversum Paganos Libri VII) is work of universal history written in the early fifth century by Paulus Orosius, a Galician Catholic priest and student of St Augustine. Continue reading
Posted Sep 13, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Discourses of Epictetus (Greek: Ἐπικτήτου διατριβαί) are an account of the oral teachings of the 2nd century philosopher recorded by his pupil, Arrian. Continue reading
Posted Sep 11, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Enchiridion or manual of Epictetus is a short compilation of the ethical teachings of the 2nd century Stoic philosopher by his pupil, the writer and historian Arrian. Continue reading
Posted Sep 11, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are a series of private reflections, written in Greek by the Roman Emperor for his own use, partly while on campaign defending the empire's Northern frontiers. Continue reading
Posted Sep 11, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Physics is a treatise in which Aristotle sets out the fundamentals of his philosophy of nature. Continue reading
Posted Sep 5, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Organon is the traditional collection of Aristotle's logical writings. It formed the basis of philosophical education for much of the ancient and medieval periods. Continue reading
Posted Sep 3, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Sophistical Refutations (Greek: Σοφιστικοὶ Ἔλεγχοι; Latin: De Sophisticis Elenchis) is the final work of the Organon, the traditional collection of Aristotle's logical writings. Continue reading
Posted Sep 2, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Latin: Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum), completed in around 731 AD, describes the conversion of the Anglo-Saxon people of Britain to Christianity over the preceding centuries Continue reading
Posted Sep 1, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
Whereas the Posterior Analytics is concerned with scientific demonstration based on true premises, Aristotle's Topics focuses on dialectic argument based on premises which are merely agreed by common consent to be true. Continue reading
Posted Aug 29, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle moves on from the study of formal rules of reasoning in the Prior Analytics to consider the substantive application of logic to produce scientific knowledge. Continue reading
Posted Aug 29, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
Aristotle's Prior Analytics introduces the study of syllogisms, investigating how a given pair of premises can lead necessarily to a conclusion which is not contained in either premise. Continue reading
Posted Aug 29, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
It was pointed out before the EU referendum that having a popular vote to defend parliamentary sovereignty was something of a quixotic exercise. Continue reading
Posted Aug 27, 2016 at The Green Ribbon
Gildas' De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae (On the Ruin and Conquest of Britain) is a unique document of post-Roman Britain. Continue reading
Posted Aug 27, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
Aristotle's On Interpretation (Latin: De Interpretatione, Greek: Περὶ Ἑρμηνείας, Peri Hermeneias) is the second text of the Organon, the collection of short logical works that formed the basis of a traditional philosophical education in much of antiquity and the middle ages. Continue reading
Posted Aug 27, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Odyssey is an ancient Greek epic poem following the wanderings of Odysseus on his return from the Trojan War. As such, it is a sequel to the Iliad, although its exact relationship to the earlier poem is as controversial as the historical existence of Homer, the traditional author of both epics. Continue reading
Posted Aug 24, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
A short chronology of the dramatic date of Plato's dialogues, with links to relevant passages. Continue reading
Posted Aug 22, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Herald is reporting that Jeremy Corbyn will rule out an electoral pact with the SNP during an upcoming visit to Scotland. Compass Chair Neal Lawson has criticised any such move in an article for Labourlist. My thoughts from the Labourlist comments here: Continue reading
Posted Aug 22, 2016 at The Green Ribbon
The Enneads of Plotinus represent the surviving teachings of the most influential philosopher of Late Antiquity. Plotinus' synthesis of earlier thought, adapting Aristotle to the study of Plato, has been seen as inaugurating a neoplatonic tradition that was formative for Jewish, Christian and islamic philosophy as well as later pagan thought. Continue reading
Posted Aug 22, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
The Categories is the first book of Aristotle's Organon, the collection of writings which founded the discipline of logic, and were central to philosophical education for centuries. Setting out to enumerate all the possible kinds of things which can be the subject or predicate of a proposition, Aristotle comes up with the ten concepts that give the book its title: substance, quantity, quality, relation, place, time, attitude, condition, action and affection. Continue reading
Posted Aug 21, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes
Lucretius' On the Nature of Things (Latin: De Rerum Natura) is an epic poem dramatising an epicurean, materialist view of the world. As such, it is unique in Latin literature, as the later Roman reception of Greek philosophy was heavily influenced by Cicero's rejection of epicureanism. Continue reading
Posted Aug 20, 2016 at Tom's Learning Notes