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In the link below, you can get an impression from the second image of the all electric design that Airbus Industries is presently developing. All text comments are in German only. No propellers implemented, only impellers. http://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article127296225/So-will-Airbus-die-Zukunft-des-Fliegens-gestalten.html
With the exception of depreciation, it sounds good. Approx. 85% remaining capacity (500 x 0.028%) after 500 cycles is nothing to brag about. 85% after 5000 cycles, that would be great.
I know what happens when you blow at a dandelion in full blossom; but what happens when you blow a dandelion tire?
When determining the consumption of a vehicle, standard test procedure is as follows: 1) Remove spare tire, car tools and car jack 2) Remove all seats of car except drivers seat 3) Replace tires with undersized types and over-inflate 4) Assure driver's (woman) weight does not exceed 50kg 5) Remove side mirrors 6) Once car has been started, remove battery 7) When test-driving on an oval or circular horizontal course, do not exceed 35mph. No unnecessary braking or accelerating. What does such a test procedure have in common with actual driving??
What purpose do SUVs have other than fostering the "King of the Road" impression?
A "futile hope" emanating from several comments that FCs will become cheap is the same as hoping for dry water.
First manned Volocopter flight. Regretfully, available in German language only. http://www.oekonews.at/index.php?mdoc_id=1106210
As far as electric driven Helis are concerned, this German entrepreneur is just a short hop away from series production. http://www.verticalmag.com/news/article/Volocopter-VC200-commences-flight-tests
Henrik, you're so right but you forgot to mention the vitriol.
"....while its electrolyte is composed of conventional lithium salt and carbonate solvent." Well, I'd suggest to replace the graphite with CNTs and a suited polymer as an electrolyte. That should increase power - and energy density and also increase cycle life. Get all that fine-tuned and you'll have a solid state battery pointing the way to tomorrow.
I can't see FCs ever gaining a foothold in the broad market. Momentarily a FC, at a size needed for mobility purposes, costs ca. 75,000.00 USD. Let the price drop (wishful thinking) to 10% of that amount due to mass production scale and you'll end up by 7,500.00 USD for the FC only. Far too expensive! The FKLG, invented from DLR in Germany, is a linear multi-fuel capable combustion engine. This engine is simple, small, light, and extremely reliable and efficient ; also runs on H2. The price for a single unit at mass production amounts to max. 2,000.00€. I'd definitely prefer that to an overly expensive and complicated FC. http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10084/161_read-8869/year-all/
As far as electrolytic production of H2 makes any sense at all, I could imagine that 3-D electrodes would be even more efficient. It would be interesting to compare the results of a copper foam electrode in cylindrical form coated with an atomic layer of platinum and an atomic layer of copper on top of the platinum layer with the present electrode.
It's completely absurd. They consider only that part of a vehicle responsible for pollution during operation. How much pollution is generated for production of tires, for the sheet metal, for the plastics and interior décor of a vehicle? This applies to ICEs as well as EVs. These idiots classify cars in the same manner as India classifies humans in their caste system.
It doesn't really matter if it is a single- or multi-junction solar cell; what matters is the lowest price for the most efficient quality product. BTW, did anyone miss this? https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/press-and-media/press-releases/press-releases-2014/new-world-record-for-solar-cell-efficiency-at-46-percent
Towards New Horizons The physicist Richard Feynman was the first to conceive the idea of a computer that would process information based on quantum effects. The quantum theory has been one of the most successful – but also a most controversial debated physical theory. It explains the structure of matter and atoms, details chemical reactions and radioactivity. The superposition of several states which a quantum system can simultaneously attain is employed in a quantum computer. One of the most promising and relatively new innovation is the Prieto battery. Its' solid state electrolyte and 3-D architecture are far more than just fascinating. Functional prototypes of this battery are available; its manufacturing process remains to be up-scaled to an industrial level and to usable sizes for various applications. This battery will certainly remain benchmark for a long time once it is launched to market. The ultimate battery, however, would be a solid state 3-D quantum battery. Two completely entangled batteries of this type – one in a vehicle, the other permanently connected to a charger on-line - would be small, light, and cheap and would virtually never discharge. http://www.prietobattery.com/ http://techcrunch.com/2015/12/18/a-turning-point-for-quantum-computing/
Towards New Horizons The physicist Richard Feynman was the first to conceive the idea of a computer that would process information based on quantum effects. The quantum theory has been one of the most successful – but also a most controversial debated physical theory. It explains the structure of matter and atoms, details chemical reactions and radioactivity. The superposition of several states that a quantum system can simultaneously attain is employed in a quantum computer. One of the most promising and relatively new innovation is the Prieto battery. Its' solid state electrolyte and 3-D architecture are far more than just fascinating. Functional prototypes of this battery are available; its manufacturing process remains to be up-scaled to an industrial level and to usable sizes for various applications. This battery will certainly remain benchmark for a long time once it is launched to market. The ultimate battery, however, would be a solid state 3-D quantum battery. Two completely entangled batteries of this type – one in a vehicle, the other permanently connected to a charger on-line, would be small, light, and cheap and would virtually never discharge. http://www.prietobattery.com/ http://techcrunch.com/2015/12/18/a-turning-point-for-quantum-computing/
How high is the energy - and power density? Approx. price? And when - please - is market launch to be expected? Next century?
5.5 million premature deaths worldwide per year is almost next to nothing compared to the WW-population of approx. 7.5 billion. We all have to die sometime; premature, too early, or too late. Once a rate of 5.5 billion is reached, they'll start waking up.
For anyone interested in some key developments in battery tech., I recommend to take a look at: http://www.prietobattery.com/ http://phys.org/news/2015-08-high-performance-electrode-material-sodium-full.html
@ mahonj ....but this will take about 10 years or it will cause a lot of hardship. Nature causes hardship e. g. earthquakes destroying hundreds or thousands of homes/dwellings or tsunamis that take toll of thousands of lives from one minute to the next. What you are referring to is the result of stupidity, indifference and ignorance. The difference between the two occurrences is that natural ones cannot be avoided, the other very well.
This is an old hat and nothing new. Pleas ref to: http://www.gtai.de/GTAI/Content/EN/Invest/_SharedDocs/Downloads/GTAI/Info-sheets/Energy-environmental/info-sheet-green-hydrogen-power-to-gas-demonstrational%2520projects-en.pdf?v=4 (PDF / Fact Sheet - Green Hydrogen & Power to Gas - Germany ...)
There are two main aspects of battery development that are commonly ignored. The first aspect is cell chemistry and the second is cell architecture / structure. A cell price issue definitely is Lithium; it is not rare but it is scarce. It is limited and can easily be monopolized akin to oil. That is not to my liking; is it to yours? On the other hand, Sodium cannot be monopolized; it is available everywhere worldwide. Just lately, remarkable cell advances have been achieved in Europe and Korea with this cell chemistry and underlines justified hopes that Sodium can be an appropriate replacement for Lithium. All cell/battery architectures presently available on the world market are of the 2-D (two dimensional type). Prof- Prieto has been the first to present a new, functional 3-D cell type. Her approach is truly an ingenious stroke to a brilliant solution. If everything pans out as it should, we shall have batteries unparalleled in reliability, energy and power capacity, volume and weight. Prieto's approach is still based on Lithium but I harbour the strong conviction that it is solely a question of time to determine solutions based on Sodium. I recommend a thorough investigation of all information available at: http://www.prietobattery.com/
@ Henrik The established auto industry has absolutely no interest in building either BEVs or autonomous, absolutely safe cars. The profits on a new car are marginally small. The real cash flow begins once the warranty period has expired. Maintenace, during the complete life of a car, is a steady source of income (and subsequently taxes). After expiration of warranty, repairs resulting from stress, wear and tear, and accidents are a true income boom for the car business. BEVs have an inherently low tendency towards maintenance and repair and are, hence, not a preferable business model. Autonomous cars (either BEVs or ICEs) have a very low tendency towards accidents and are an unattractive option. The most attractive car option for a dealer or MFCR is a vehicle that just manages to pass the warranty period and ensures them both a steady and high income rate once warranty has expired.
@ HarveyD Well, first of all, the Tesla / Panasonic joint venture is starting from scratch whereas a Nissan production site already existed in the UK; the Nissan investment is merely an update of the existing facility. Secondly, the Tesla plant produces everything from the primary cell to the final battery pack. As far as I know, the Nissan UK site produces only complete packs; the cells are produced in Japan and Tennessee and exported to the UK site. And finally, Tesla will have a far greater output than the UK site.
@ SJC I think you'll find an adequate answer to your question under this link. http://phys.org/news/2015-11-team-large-area-graphene-cheaper.html