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Global warming? You will whimper and beg for global warming before nature is done with you: "Poor man’s polar vortex to make shocking summer return in eastern U.S. next week" By Jason Samenow July 10 at 10:35 am http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2014/07/10/poor-mans-polar-vortex-to-make-shocking-summer-return-in-eastern-u-s-next-week/
I am sure that there can be great savings in the use of physical plant. In a previous millennium when I was a student in college, we had classes at 8 a.m. My kids who went to college over the last decade(a Midwestern member of USC's peer group) never had an 8 a.m. class. A week has 168 hours, you have to be able to use more than 16 of them for classes.
I think 30 years at no interest would be viewed as a penalty.
Help please: Who is the "you" in "you can only match..."? Would the term policy planners help instead of the second person pronoun? What I was trying to say is that converting Social Security, which is a defined benefit plan, into a defined contribution plan, such as the one you suggest, creates difficult issues of actuarial mathematics. The foundation of this problem is that the benefit in Social Security bears no relation to when dollars were earned (other than by better or worse inflation adjustments). In a defined contribution plan the the oldest dollars are, because of compound interest, the most valuable. In the current design of Social Security, the first important step in calculating benefits is determining the AIME (average indexed monthly earnings). For this purpose, the person who begins his career earning X dollars per month, steadily increases those earnings (remember this is indexed so we are think about real dollars, not inflation), until he makes 2X dollars, will have the same AIME as a person who starts by making 2X and steadily sees his earnings decrease. The same AIME would get the same benefit. But, in a savings based system the first person, the increasing earnings person would have a smaller balance than the second example, because of compound interest. The only way to equalize them is to penalize number 2 or subsidize number 1. The Optimist system is just, and so is the existing system, but they work differently. If I were a young person now, I would want to be enrolled in the Optimist system. But, people in their 50s and 60s might object and insist on staying in the old system. The transition between systems is fraught with challenges, and one of them is political, and created by demographics. There are more people in the old system, who are closed to retirement (i.e. the Baby Boomers), than there are in younger cohorts. To me the only way to defuse this conflict, is to stretch it out and make the transitions generational. Benefit caps, retirement age increases, and formula changes will help. We should also look at things that will make current benefits less valuable, such as eliminating the partial exemption of benefits from income taxation, and increasing our reliance on excise taxes.
"In any case, nontransferable bonds could be structured to at least minimize the benefit difference, if not eliminate it." I don't want to be a wet blanket, but I believe that if you study the Social Security Handbook, an official government document that explains benefit calculations, you will find that you can only match the old age pension portion of Social Security with a defined benefit plan, if that plan subsidizes low earning participants and penalizes high earners. http://www.socialsecurity.gov/OP_Home/handbook/ssa-hbk.htm My own belief is that in order to reform the system we need to decrease benefits, and squeeze them down for people who earn more than the mean. If you who want to understand the policy options that are being discussed, the CBO did an excellent study “Social Security Policy Options” in July 2010 laying out the options, their benefits, and their costs: http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=11580
The problem with this proposal is that the current SS system has some a lot of tilts and quirks in it. First, the monthly benefit for seniors is 90% of \$761 of Average Indexed Monthly Earnings (AIME), + 32% \$761 to \$4,586, + 15% over \$4,586. AIME is based on your 35 best years, indexed to average wages for the year (not CPI). It considers only amounts subject to OASDI contributions, which are capped, currently at about \$107,000/yr. (\$9000/mo.). The result is that lower paid workers receive a much higher percentage of their base in benefits. It may be far in excess of the amount they paid in. Conversely, a high earner will receive a lower percentage of earnings as his benefit, and his rate of return will be negative. Duplicating this benefit structure in a defined contribution plan is difficult without resort to subsidies and penalties. I don't think you are totally wrong, but the prime issues will always be the same. How much redistribution does the system require? Who will fund the payments? The workers through FICA? or general revenue? What happens to the employers contributions? Do they go to individuals? I am going to cut this off here because it is too long for a blog comment.
God bless Mitch Daniels and his family. From what we have learned publicly, his wife and children have been through quite a bit. The way the Democrats and the so called "Main Steam Media" practice the politics of personal destruction, their personal attacks on Daniels, his wife, and children would have been unremitting and unconstrained by facts or decency. I, for one, am happy that Gov. Daniels has chosen to spare his family the ordeal of a Presidential campaign.
Folks, unbunch your panties. What you have here is a politician giving a political answer to a loaded question. Listening is something politicians do all the time, even, or especially, with people they can't stand. Here from the Time Mag Article: "I respect science and the professionals behind the science so I tend to think it’s better left to the science community – though we can debate what that means for the energy and transportation sectors." He will let them argue about the "Navier Stokes differential equations", and we will decide what to do. It is a long way from Al Gore.
If they have DNA from one or more of OBL's children, and from the kids mother, it would make the identification much easier. I believe that one or more of his wives and or children have been living in the west.
You wouldn't want a trial to reveal how ineffectual and useless the SEC really is, would you?
"Al Jazeera has more complete news than the New York Times and its bias against Israel is much smaller." That is going to leave a mark.
Commented Apr 1, 2011 on Al Jazeera at Pro Commerce
How old is this lame B\$? How about half a century: “I shouted out, “Who killed the Kennedys?” When after all It was you and me.” “Sympathy For The Devil” by M. Jagger & K. Richards from “Beggar’s Banquet” by The Rolling Stones 11/01/1968 “Camelot and the Cultural Revolution: How the Assassination of John F. Kennedy Shattered American Liberalism” by James Piereson, Encounter Books (May 21, 2007), ISBN-13: 978-1594031885 “The Day the Music Died: Camelot and the American Left.” National Review Online – June 19, 2007, 7:00 a.m.: MILLER: Lee Harvey Oswald was a Communist. Have liberals been reluctant to accept this fact? And is their reluctance at the heart of all the conspiracy theories surrounding the assassination? PIERESON: Liberals who were rational and realistic accepted the fact that Oswald killed JFK but at the same time they were unable to ascribe a motive for his actions. They tended to look for sociological explanations for the event and found one in the idea that JFK was brought down by a “climate of hate” that had overtaken the nation. Thus they placed Kennedy’s assassination within a context of violence against civil rights activists. They had great difficulty accepting the fact that Kennedy’s death was linked to the Cold War, not to civil rights. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., in his 1,000-page history of the Kennedy administration, published in 1965, could not bring himself to mention Oswald’s name in connection with Kennedy’s death, though he spent several paragraphs describing the hate-filled atmosphere of Dallas at the time — suggesting thereby that Kennedy was a victim of the far right. The inability to come to grips with the facts of Kennedy’s death pointed to a deeper fault in American liberalism which was connected to its decline. MILLER: It’s like that line from “Sympathy for the Devil,” by the Rolling Stones: “I shouted out, ‘Who killed the Kennedys?’/When after all, it was you and me.” PIERESON: Yes, that song reflected a deep belief in liberal culture, that somehow “we” had killed the Kennedy’s — when in fact an anti-American Communist killed President Kennedy and a Palestinian nationalist killed Robert Kennedy, both in retaliation for American policies abroad. Oswald killed President Kennedy to interrupt his efforts to eliminate Castro; Sirhan killed Robert Kennedy because of Kennedy’s support for Israel. The irrationality of this belief was connected to the unraveling of liberalism, demonstrating that liberalism was not the rational doctrine that it claimed to be.
More seriously, the pit into which we can fall if we cannot find a transcendent morality is very deep. http://www.theaugeanstables.com/2010/11/14/on-athiest-morality/ "Humanists are, in fact, free riders. They come along after centuries of hard work in prime divider societies where the zero-sum dominating imperative ruled social and political relations. In those long and painful years, some people, driven to by a sense of divine authority, systematically, and at great personal cost (sometimes one’s very life) pursued the generous impulses of positive-sum interactions. Now that we’re raised in a civil society, where we’re trained from childhood to cooperate, to eschew violence, to seek the positive-sum interaction, such behavior comes much more easily. The [Humanist] Society can put up billboards reading: “Why believe in a god? Just be good for goodness’ sake.” But in a world where it’s “rule or be ruled,” where the nice guy is a sucker who’ll predictably get the short end of the stick, where alpha males use violence with impunity to dominate others, “for goodness’ sake” doesn’t cut much ice. Indeed, it’s quite risible." And follow Professor Landes' links to his other articles.
Commented Dec 14, 2010 on The Morality of the Übermensch at ShrinkWrapped
New Religion? Bahh. How about an old one? "Then, whispered Castro, those first men formed the cult around tall idols which the Great Ones shewed them; idols brought in dim eras from dark stars. That cult would never die till the stars came right again, and the secret priests would take great Cthulhu from His tomb to revive His subjects and resume His rule of earth. The time would be easy to know, for then mankind would have become as the Great Old Ones; free and wild and beyond good and evil, with laws and morals thrown aside and all men shouting and killing and revelling in joy. Then the liberated Old Ones would teach them new ways to shout and kill and revel and enjoy themselves, and all the earth would flame with a holocaust of ecstasy and freedom." http://dagonbytes.com/thelibrary/lovecraft/thecallofcthulhu.htm
Commented Dec 14, 2010 on The Morality of the Übermensch at ShrinkWrapped
Robert Heinlein's novels were paeans to the virtues of free markets, free men, and private association.
150? That is not adequately cooked. Less than 165 is not hot enough to kill bacteria.
Commented Nov 22, 2010 on Talking Turkey With Harold McGee at Al Dente