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Inu Manak
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This is from the Centre for International Law at the National University of Singapore: The Centre for International Law of the National University of Singapore cordially invites you to attend a virtual book launch and conference under the theme “ASEAN... Continue reading
This is from the South Asian International Economic Law Network (SAIELN): SAIELN is a collaborative network of academics, practitioners and officials in the field of International Economic Law, articulating their views, brainstorming ideas, and importantly, nurturing and developing the field... Continue reading
This call for papers comes from the co-editors of The quest for a Greener tomorrow! A deep dive into the legal world of Trade and the Environment: This book project seeks articles, essays, research papers, legislative comments or case commentaries... Continue reading
This is from the Managing Editor of Trade, Law and Development: Trade, Law and Development is a student-edited journal published by the National Law University, Jodhpur. The Journal has been consistently ranked as the best law journal in India across... Continue reading
This is from the editors of the European Yearbook for International Economic Law: The editors of the European Yearbook for International Economic Law (EYIEL) welcome abstracts from scholars and practitioners at all stages of their career for the focus section... Continue reading
On November 8, 2021, a revised draft text and explanatory note on the WTO fisheries subsidies negotiations was released by the Chair of the talks, Ambassador Santiago Wills of Colombia. Some changes were simply editorial, others substantive, and some adjustments... Continue reading
This is from the University ‘Parthenope’ of Naples and the Asia Pacific FDI Network: On 5 November, 14.00-17:30 CET; 08:00-11.30 (NY) we will host a webinar on "The modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty: Substantial and procedural implications for the... Continue reading
The Centre for International Law, National University of Singapore invites applications for a Research Associate/Research Assistant. The job description and information for how to apply can be accessed here. The closing date for applications is 30 June 2021. Continue reading
This is from the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC): The Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) at Tilburg University (the Netherlands) is hosting a Colloquium on ‘International Investment Law & New Technologies’ which will take place on 9 and... Continue reading
This is from Prof. Dr. Steffen Hindelang and Mr. Jens Hillebrand Pohl, inviting contribution from followers of this blog: Call for Papers: 2021 CELIS Forum on Investment Security 1-3 December 2021 The 2021 CELIS Forum on Investment Security will be... Continue reading
On May 29, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau introduced Bill C-100, the "Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement Implementation Act," into the House of Commons. This paves the way for ratification in Canada, which could take place before the parliamentary recess on June... Continue reading
Peter Van den Bossche, departing Appellate Body member, delivered his farewell speech to the WTO Dispute Settlement Body on May 28, 2019. The full text is below, and certain to generate discussion: Ambassador Walker, Deputy Director-General Brauner, Excellencies, colleagues, friends,... Continue reading
The United States has put forward a proposal for the recently launched e-commerce talks at the WTO. Bloomberg's Bryce Baschuk broke the news (and uploaded the document), noting there are many similarities to the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) Digital Trade Chapter... Continue reading
Congressional Democrats are starting to flex their muscles against President Trump’s trade policy. As ratification of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) hangs in the balance, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other prominent Democrats have called on U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer... Continue reading
This is from the Center for Trade and Economic Integration (CTEI) at the Graduate Institute in Geneva: The Center for Trade and Economic Integration (CTEI) at the Graduate Institute in Geneva announces the release of a new edited book by... Continue reading
The chapter on "Good Regulatory Practices" (Chapter 28) was concluded early on in the NAFTA renegotiations, but until last week there were a lot of unanswered question as to what it would include. On first read, it appears that this... Continue reading
I suppose they could be considered PPMs and not product standards in the sense it is understood in the EU context. I'm not sure how strict the distinction is, however, and from the way government officials talk about it with regard to mutual recognition of equivalence, I don't think they do either.
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Thanks for your comment Bob! I think this is certainly one way to see it, and I agree that CETA preserved Canadian autonomy in a very big way on this issue. A lot will depend, I think, on how these chapters operate in practice. As we haven't seen them in action yet, it is quite hard to know what the impact will be over time. But it really could go either way.
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Hi Lorand, I agree that it is rare we see equivalence being adopted, and cooperation tends to lean towards harmonization on the larger market's rules. However, there are two examples that come to mind that seem to have worked. The first is the EU-US equivalence agreement on organic produce. The second is the US- Canada equivalence of meat safety systems (as per the RCC process). For the RCC there are many more works in progress that seem to be making headway, but I do think the reason this has been so successful comparative to other efforts is that the US and Canada regulatory systems are very similar. Here's a link to the RCC site if you're interested in more on this: https://www.canada.ca/en/treasury-board-secretariat/corporate/transparency/acts-regulations/canada-us-regulatory-cooperation-council.html Always happy to discuss this!
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Hi Michelle, Thanks so much for your comment. I certainly agree that this is competition is not something new between the EU and US, and US absence (or lack of participation) in international standard setting has been one of the persistent challenges. What concerns me, and we won't know it until we see it, are efforts to push for harmonization. It seems from what we know so far about JEEPA (particularly that it may be similar to the language used in EU-Korea), that it moves in this direction. My understanding was that mutual equivalence in standards would be the reasonable way to go, since many of these rules achieve the same ends. But you're right that we won't know until these agreements go into effect and we see what is done through the regulatory cooperation initiatives. I'll be keeping my eye on CETA for sure, as that one most closely resembles the structure of the US-Canada RCC, and after many years of operation, we are much better aware of the pitfalls of these efforts.
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Hi Robin, thank you very much for your comments! I do want to note that where the U.S. also takes such discriminatory measures with regard to alcohol monopolies, I object to those too, so I am not just picking on Canada here. In fact, I would encourage Canada to pursue similar complaints against the United States. Secondly, while I think you have a valid point with regard to public health, it is hard for me to see how this particular measure is an effective way to achieve public health goals. If the government is interested in raising prices to avoid consumption, then they could just tax it— treating both foreign and domestic products the same. As a result, I don't think there is a valid reason to exclude foreign like products from the market in this case.
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On whether this is good for North American integration, I would say it depends on the aspects of TPP we're looking at. For instance, on labor and environment, the TPP goes well beyond NAFTA by including enforceable obligations. However, the Committee that would be set up under the TPP provisions is significantly pared down from the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), as it's supposed to meet every other year, not every year, and it's not clear whether special sessions would take place. The CEC has been generally effective with a very limited budget, so it would more useful to preserve this structure. I'm most concerned about the future of regulatory cooperation, however. Yes, TPP would technically make this a little less ad hoc than it is at present, and possibly encourage more trilateral cooperation instead of the two separate bilateral North American RCC's we currently have. But I would much rather support a regulatory cooperation chapter as found in the CETA, because I think the TPP Chapter 25 is far more focused on domestic regulatory process and good regulatory practice than cooperation on future (and current) regulatory divergence. For example, CETA Ch. 21.2.4 outlines a broader scope for cooperation, and highlights "pursuing regulatory compatibility, recognition of equivalence, or convergence" and, in addition, gives the innovative option of bringing in interested third parties. The CETA also does not include a clause on the non-application of dispute settlement, unlike TPP, which depending on how you feel about this, is good or bad (you already know what I think!). Also notable is the absence of sector specific regulatory cooperation in TPP (it is in CETA), which would be an important feature in any NAFTA upgrade, because it is the only means to work on existing, not just future, regulations, which is a big part of the RCC's current work plans. On other issues, such as SOEs, and e-commerce/digital trade, I think it's a necessary upgrade and would be net positive for NA integration. So I'd say it's definitely not the best model to upgrade NAFTA entirely. It would be better to upgrade some aspects based on what we've done in CETA and TTIP (to an extent) because I think TPP is written more with the developing country members in mind, and therefore falls short on the type of integration North Americanists want to see.
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The Athens Public International Law Center (AthensPIL) of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Faculty of Law is hosting, in the context of the Investment Law Initiative, a Colloquium on ‘International Investment Law & the Law of Armed Conflict’,... Continue reading
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Nov 22, 2016