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Anand Nair, PhD, CFPIM
Researcher, educator, consultant, and data scientist working with organizations in manufacturing, healthcare and retail sectors on issues such as inventory management, forecasting, pricing, capacity planning, lean systems, manufacturing planning and control, quality management, contracting, product development, process improvement and technology implementation. Interested in examining ways in which manufacturing and service firms learn, adapt, and self-organize to manage complexity, risk, and relationships inherent in operational, supply chain, and innovation activities. Engaged in investigating how manufacturing and service firms can manage supply and innovation networks by strengthening end-to-end visibility and fostering adaptive strategic and operational behaviors to improve cost, quality, delivery, flexibility, innovation and sustainability performance.
Interests: music, movies, workout, reading, writing, traveling
Recent Activity
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We study the three key dimensions of supply chain integration – supply integration, demand integration and internal integration and empirically examine how each is related to the others and how they impact food banks’ ability to create basic programs that help in delivering food to the underserved communities. Continue reading
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In a study my we use the Sparse Inverse Covariance Estimation (SICE) method, in conjunction with bootstrapping technique, to identify holistic patterns for operations and supply chain management Continue reading
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India faced a significant liquid medical oxygen (LMO) shortage when there was a sudden onslaught of Covid-19 crisis and most infected patients needed LMO support. Requests for oxygen cylinders flooded the social media. Government organisations, NGOs, and private sector quickly jumped to arrange LMO for the distressed victims. The requirement for LMO grew multiple times than the standard usage leaving many stranded due to an inadequate supply of this essential product. What makes the whole LMO supply chain so complex and challenging? It appears that a combination of factors interacted in creating a ‘perfect storm’. These factors range from the contextual environment surrounding LMO supply chain in India, the unique set of bottlenecks created by the prevailing demand and supply situation, the need for additional resource commitments, and the approach adopted towards allocations. It is important to reflect on these aspects to come up with a road map for averting the crisis and being prepared for future needs. The LMO supply chain context in India is relatively structured on the upstream production end but is highly fragmented in the downstream end where the produced LMO needs to reach the point of use at hospitals. The first bottleneck occurs at the point of production where there is insufficient capacity to cover the needs of heightened demand created by Covid-19. Continue reading
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Projects are increasingly being managed in virtual settings where project team members collaborate online. Collaborative information exchanges among team members result in the creation of complex communication network that can have non-trivial influence on the outcome due to the asynchronous nature of these exchanges and the lack of visual and non-verbal cues. In an ongoing research, my co-authors and I examine the impact of communication network characteristics on the number of issues closed within an open source software (OSS) development project. Additionally, the study examines the role of project managers’ active participation in these communication networks on project outcome. A panel dataset comprising of 1842 OSS development projects spanning 104 weeks from the time of project initiation was carefully compiled for this research. The unbalanced panel data results in a total of 138,549 observations. Dynamic panel data analyses show that as density of the communication network formed by team member interactions increases, project performance increases but then starts to decrease. Project managers’ active participation in the communication network has a direct positive role in improving project performance. Furthermore, active participation of project managers reduces the rate of decrease in project performance after the density of communication network formed by project team members cross the inflection point. Continue reading
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In an ongoing research my co-authors and I aim to understand how to manage testing strategies by accounting both testing-site specific and human-behavior related factors. In particular, we consider testing site factors such as type of swab analysis site (public vs. private), relative analysis capacity, distance between collection and testing sites. Human-behavior related factors include social interactions vs isolation during the waiting times. Healthcare policy makers can leverage our research insights in developing testing guidelines, which would enable rapid response to swab processing. In addition, the results of this study are instrumental to control the spread of infections during pandemics. Continue reading
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In a recently concluded project my collaborators and I draw from previous studies conducted by Center for Applied Purchasing Studies (CAPS), relevant academic and trade journals, as well as case interview data from relevant organizations to investigate use cases and practical applications of implementation of emerging technologies in supply management. Emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Robotic Process Automation (RPA), Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain are increasingly being deployed in organizations to execute and facilitate supply chain and procurement activities. Yet knowledge is still lacking with respect to the effectiveness of these technologies. Our study provides insights into the justification, use cases, implementation process, barriers to implementation, critical success factors for implementation, and overall assessment of the effectiveness of Blockchain, Internet of things, Descriptive, Predictive and Prescriptive Analytics, Robotic Process Automation, Contract Analytics, Procure-to-Pay, Spend Analytics, Optical Character Recognition and Radio Frequency Identification technology. Continue reading
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Analyzing supply market conditions is an important activity within sourcing. As part of this activity organizations need to understand what does the supply market look like and what are the current conditions. Organizations should develop strategies regarding what they are going to do, given the supply market conditions, in order to make a good deal with a supplier. Here are some of the important aspects to be considered... Continue reading
With hospitals under financial pressure from COVID-19 and medical waste volumes even higher, the pandemic could finally trigger a much-needed reset in how health care organizations and hospitals think about supply-related waste. That includes how they reuse supplies, how they plan for surgeries and what they look for in prepackaged surgical supplies. Click the above link to read the entire article that I have published in The Conversation. Continue reading
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Many studies on ISO 9001 have been focused on the motivation, the implementation process and the outcomes of the implementation of the standard. This study seeks to advance the knowledge on ISO 9001 implementation by examining two research issues. First, we investigate the relationship between external auditors, certification bodies, and the operational and market-oriented outcomes from the ISO 9001 certification. Second, we study the different roles played by external auditors and certification bodies in affecting the outcomes achieved from the quality of implementation of the standard. Using a dataset comprising of 537 firms from Australia and New Zealand that are ISO 9001 certified, our findings show that the quality of external auditors enhances operational outcomes as well as strengthens the relationship between ISO 9001 implementation and operational outcomes. This affirms the role of external auditors in the implementation of the standard. On the other hand, the reputation of certification bodies has a positive direct effect on market-oriented outcome, and its effect is strengthened by the quality of ISO 9001 implementation. The findings, therefore, show the contrasting roles between external auditors and certification bodies in enhancing different outcomes of ISO 9001 adoption in terms of operational and market-oriented ones. Continue reading
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The COVID-19 situation resulted in a sudden and unprecedented peak in global demand. This led to inventory shortages and capacity constraints. Healthcare organizations experienced congestion and resorted to demand substitution. The supply chain for pharmaceuticals and medical devices were impacted by disruptions. Continue reading
COVID-19 and Implications for Manufacturing, Reshoring, and considering Total Cost of Disruption Continue reading
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United Nations World Food Programme wins Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to combat hunger Continue reading
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Combating counterfeits is not a matter of developing software or systems or markings. Our research suggests that a multi-layered approach that adopts multiple strategies and engages the entire organization is needed. Initially, the size of the problem must be defined and the return on investment approximated. This can help define the need for a team of experts to work in this area, leading to a set of performance metrics that are aligned with business objectives and outcomes. Next, the key focal product seg­ ments should be targeted, and a system for identifying products through product trade­ mark registration with customs authorities should be completed. Continue reading
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In this paper, we examine how manufacturing strategic alignment and process integration affect manufacturing plant performance under two distinct environmental contexts presented by long-term macroeconomic instability. A large-scale dataset was specifically assembled for the purpose of this research investigation by combining plant-level survey data on practices and performance with secondary macroeconomic data for 14 countries from multiple sources. The results from multi-level regression analyses indicate that while manufacturing strategy alignment and process integration are beneficial for plant perfor- mance, they have distinct effects when the contingency factor, macroeconomic instability, is taken in consid- eration. Notably, when plants face high macroeconomic instability, process integration has a stronger effect on performance whereas in low instability environment manufacturing strategy alignment provides higher performance benefits. Continue reading
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In a recently published article we find that the size of chain organizations has a nonlinear effect on performance of dialysis facilities. Medium-sized chain organizations have lower efficiency and higher quality than smaller and larger chain organizations Continue reading
Supply chain disruption and the sudden halt in trade has exposed how interdependent countries are in sourcing and manufacturing. An article published in the Wall Street Journal presents the example of Scania, a Swedish company that makes of trucks, buses... Continue reading
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Here are some key points from an interesting opinion piece published in the New York Times. Assuming we already know Corona virus, vaccine is expected to be ready by May 2036 if no strategies for shortening the time-line is taken:... Continue reading
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A recent co-authored paper that examines the performance implications of buyer’s dependence on supplier. We identify ways in which the buyer can manage dependence situations. Our study shows that the effect of dependence on the supplier is influenced by absorptive... Continue reading
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Dependence on quarantined areas and strategies for managing sourcing risk Continue reading
China manufactures the bulk of personal protective equipment used by healthcare providers in the United States. Other countries supplies these equipments are also hit hard by the coronavirus. Healthcare organizations in the United States typically buy more than 2 million N95 masks each month. The shortage of available capacity for production due to factory closures can result in a month long delay in the delivery of N95 marks that are used to protect against the spread of airborne illness. These masks differ from the standard surgical masks as they effectiveness depends on they proper fit and use. Healthcare workers are expected to be trained in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s protocols for their use. Continue reading
Based on the information that the World Health Organization (WHO) received from the National Health Commission on 11th and 12th January, it was highly suggestive that the outbreak is associated with exposures in one seafood market in Wuhan. Continue reading
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It was an enlightening and inspiring experience visiting and witnessing success stories of student-led consulting projects in underprivileged communities (villages) in Panama. These projects are facilitated by Global Brigades, an international non-profit that uniquely implements a holistic model to meet a community’s health and economic goals (https://www.globalbrigades.org/). The projects include establishment of internationally recognized community-owned banks in some of the country’s most under resourced, rural communities, micro-financing ventures created and run by indigenous tribes, helping these ventures succeed by offering hands-on business solutions, and providing healthcare to underprivileged communities (https://www.globalbrigades.org/countries/panama/). Continue reading
First-Aid, Rapid Response Drone in India Continue reading
Africa's first drone 'Air Corridor’ - A partnership initiative by UNICEF and Zipline Continue reading