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This lecture was really interesting and actually very necessary as I have heard a lot about the natural cycle and that it might the reason of what we call "climate change" Anyway I would be very much interested how the increase in carbon dioxide actually stops the moment within the oceans. At the end of the lecture the professor just points out that I might if it is high enough. I would like to know the direct causality.
Toggle Commented Mar 23, 2015 on Climate Talk at Jolly Green General
I would be really interested in talking about the consequences of fracking. Since the 2000 franking increased immensely in the U.S. and is highly discussed at the same time. In some countries in Europe franking is illegal, because of its bad environmental consequences. Next to the discussion of franking I would be very much interested in getting to know different kinds of energy generation that are developed lately that try to be environment saving alternatives. It would be really interesting to know if there are alternatives to the familiar and well known use of wind, sun and water power.
Toggle Commented Mar 11, 2015 on For Thursday at Jolly Green General
I have a more general concern regarding the paper, that was kind of mentioned in comments before me. The paper does a really good job finding out what prevents these three methods from working, but only based on economic premisses. Only because the predictions of the model are superimposable with the experience of the actual behavior of the villages, the model does not have to be a reasonable model for reality. I am aware that it is only a model, but the question still holds for me, if the model does not look at major influences that might be important regarding the decision of the villagers. Especially regarding such decisions that might be strongly influenced by culture, habituation or even religion, an economic analysis might be flawed, as it presupposes rational behavior at places where none exists. I am not arguing that every economic model is flawed. I am just saying that they might be appropriate in some cases and in some not.
Toggle Commented Feb 11, 2015 on Reading for Thursday at Jolly Green General
I would like to comment on two critiques that were raised in several posts. The first is that the results are biased, because of the small sample. The second is that the monetary value is not realistic, as it only based on divers. Locals and so on do not influence the result. I do not agree that these missing influences decrease the significance of the paper. The fact that only divers influence the result is actually very important for the statement of the paper. In the introduction the authors mention that it is a big problem that the policy makers do not know the value of future payments. The trade off can be biased towards a policy that does not conserve the environment. By giving politicians a concrete price consumers are willing to pay, arguments for securing natural sides can get very convincing. A good is always sold to the person with the highest willingness to pay. This number in this case equals to the possible future payoff, that could be achieved through environment policies. Including locals into the survey would only bias this number. In addition I find it very convincing that the data was not only collected during one season. The condition of a special season could bias the willingness of the divers to pay.
Toggle Commented Jan 28, 2015 on Reading for Thursday at Jolly Green General
I will also comment on Hardins paper. While doing so I will argue that Hardin, who is demanding to eliminate certain rights and by doing so attacking the convictions of our liberal understanding, actually eliminates the solution to the growing population, so the problem he is trying to solve. I base this claim on a fact that is especially apparent in again the western liberal societies and other developed, high income states all over the world. Over the last decades the birthrates in those countries fell drastically!! Why? I think first of all because women are assured basic and equal human rights as man. By doing so women are granted the same (I know that this is not fully achieved yet unfortunately!) opportunities within our modern economies. Zebrina and Caroline were hitting on a crucial point. Incentives. In countries with exploding birth rates it does not seem to me that women are given any incentives to place their attention elsewhere than on family and children. (This obviously is bad development because of many other reasons than just overpopulation) I want to focus briefly on a second reason, which is mainly based on my gut feeling. I don't have any evidence what so ever. With the following two examples I want to hint at the influence of our economy on the understanding of children and especially on the question how many children one wants. We are living in well fare states in which parents are not anymore depended on their children in high age. There is no necessity anymore to reproduce to assure ones one age. Another reason might be that children are getting really expensive, because we want them to get the best education etc. It seems like people rather have one child that gets all it needs, rather than many that will not have the best circumstances. To make my argument round. The solution to the problem of this limited world might be spreading the liberal convictions and economies, because they first of all assure basic rights for woman and secondly might have an essential influence on the understanding of offsprings. I am interested in your opinions!!!!!
Toggle Commented Jan 22, 2015 on Readings for Thursday at Jolly Green General
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